Heb. 'oth, a military standard, especially of a single tribe (Numbers 2:2). Each separate tribe had its own "sign" or "ensign."
Heb. nes, a lofty signal, as a column or high pole (Numbers 21:8,9); a standard or signal or flag placed on high mountains to point out to the people a place of rendezvous on the irruption of an enemy (Isaiah 5:26; 11:12; 18:3; 62:10; Jeremiah 4:6,21; Psalm 60:4). This was an occasional signal, and not a military standard. Elevation and conspicuity are implied in the word.
The Hebrew word degel denotes the standard given to each of the four divisions of the host of the Israelites at the Exodus (Numbers 1:52; 2:2; 10:14). In Song of Solomon 2:4 it is rendered "banner." We have no definite information as to the nature of these military standards. (See BANNER.)