3:1 And unto the angel of the church in a Sardis 1 write; These things saith he that hath the seven Spirits of God, and the seven stars; I know thy works, that thou hast a b name that thou livest, and art dead.
(a) Sardis is the name of a most flourishing and
famous city, where the kings of Lydia kept their courts. (1)
The fifth passage is to the pastors of Sardis. The introduction is taken from
(b) You are said to live, but are dead indeed.
3:2 Be watchful, and strengthen the things which
remain, that are c ready to die: for I
have not found thy works perfect before God.
(c) Other things, whose state is such, that they
are now going, and unless they are confirmed, will perish without delay.
3:4 Thou hast a few names even in
Sardis 3 which have not defiled their
garments; and they shall walk with me in 4
white: for they are d worthy.
(3) That is, who have with all religion guarded
themselves from sin and moral corruption, even from the very show of evil; (Jude
1:23). (4) Pure from all spot, and shining
with glory. So it is to be understood always hereafter, as in (Revelation
(d) They are suitable and proper, that is,
because they are justified in Christ, as they have truly showed it: for he who
acts righteously is righteous in the same way that a tree bears good fruit; (Romans
And to the angel of the church in Philadelphia write; These things saith he that
is holy, he that is true, he that hath the e
key of David, he that openeth, and no man shutteth; and shutteth, and no man
(6) The sixth passage is to the pastors of
Philadelphia. The introduction is taken from (Revelation
(e) All power of rule in commanding and
forbidding, in delivering and punishing. The house of David is the Church, and
the continual promise of David's kingdom belongs to Christ.
3:8 7 I know
thy works: behold, I have set before thee an open door, and no man can shut it:
for thou hast a little strength, and hast kept my word, and hast not denied my
(7) The note of praise is in this verse of
promises, and (Revelation
3:9) to bring home again them that wander, in (Revelation
3:10) to preserve the godly and in (Revelation
3:11) to exhort.
3:9 Behold, I will make them f
of the synagogue of Satan, which say they are Jews, and are not, but do lie;
behold, I will make them to come 8 and
worship before thy feet, and to know that I have loved thee.
(f) I will bring them to that case. (8)
That is, fall down and worship either you civilly, or Christ religiously at
thy feet (this is how I would rather take it) whether here in the Church
(which seems more proper to the argument here) or there in the world to come,
for Christ shall truly fulfil his word.
3:10 Because thou hast g
kept the word of my patience, I also will keep thee from the hour of temptation,
which shall come upon all the world, to try them that dwell upon the earth.
(g) Because you have been patient and constant,
as I would have my servants be.
Him that overcometh will I make a pillar in the temple of my God, and he shall
go no more out: 10 and I will write upon
him the name of my God, and the name of the city of my God, [which is] new
Jerusalem, which cometh down out of heaven from my God: and [I will write upon
him] my new name.
(9) The conclusion which contains a promise, and
(10) That is, the new man shall be called after
his father, mother, and his head Christ.
And unto the angel of the church of the Laodiceans write; These things saith the
h Amen, the faithful and true witness,
the i beginning of the creation of God;
(11) The seventh passage is to the pastors of the
Church of Laodicea. The introduction is taken out of (Revelation
(h) Amen sounds as much in the Hebrew tongue, as
truly, or truth itself.
(i) Of who all things that are made, have their
3:15 12 I
know thy works, that thou art neither cold nor hot: I would thou wert cold or
(12) The proposition of reproof is in this verse,
and in (Revelation
3:16) a threat while in (Revelation
3:17) a confirmation declares the same. To faith and repentance in (Revelation
3:18,19) a conditional promise is added in (Revelation
3:17 Because thou sayest, I am
rich, and increased with goods, and have need of nothing; and knowest not that
thou art wretched, and miserable, 13 and
poor, and blind, and naked:
(13) The spiritual misery of men is
metaphorically expressed in three points which are matched as corresponds to
those remedies offered in (Revelation
3:19 As many as I love, I
rebuke and chasten: be k zealous
therefore, and repent.
(k) Zeal is set against those who are neither hot
3:20 Behold, I stand at the door, and knock: 14
if any man hear my voice, and open the door, I will come in to him, and will sup
with him, and he with me.
(14) This must be taken after the manner of an
3:21 15 To
him that overcometh will I grant to sit with me in my throne, even as I also
overcame, and am set down with my Father in his throne.
(15) The conclusion, consisting of a promise, as
2:26) and of an exhortation.