4:1 Therefore, 1 my brethren dearly beloved and longed for, my joy and a crown, so stand fast in the b Lord, [my] dearly beloved.
(1) A rehearsal of the conclusion: that they
bravely continue until they have gotten the victory, trusting in the Lord's
(a) My honour.
(b) In that unification of which the Lord is the
4:2 2 I
beseech Euodias, and beseech Syntyche, that they be of the same mind in the
(2) He also calls on some by name, partly because
they needed private exhortation, and partly also to stir up others to be more
prompt and ready.
4:3 And I intreat thee also, true yokefellow, help
those women which laboured with me in the gospel, with Clement also, and [with]
other my fellowlabourers, whose names [are] in the c
book of life.
(c) God is said, after the manner of men, to have
a book, in which the names of his elect are written, to whom he will give
everlasting life. Ezekiel calls it the writing of the house of Israel, and the
secret of the Lord; (Ezekiel
Rejoice in the d Lord alway: [and] again
I say, Rejoice.
(3) He adds particular exhortations: and the
first is, that the joy of the Philippians should not be hindered by any
afflictions that the wicked imagine and work against them.
(d) So is the joy of the world distinguished from
4:5 4 Let
your e moderation be known unto all men.
5 The Lord [is] at hand.
(4) The second is, that taking all things in good
part, they behave themselves moderately with all men.
(e) Your quiet and settled mind. (5)
The taking away of an objection: we must not be anxious because of impatience,
seeing that God is at hand to give us help in time for all our miseries.
4:6 6 Be
careful for nothing; but in every thing by prayer and supplication with f
thanksgiving let your requests be made known unto God.
(6) The third is, that we are not too anxious for
anything, but with sure confidence give God thanks, and desire from him
whatever we have need of, that with a quiet conscience we may wholly and with
all our hearts submit ourselves to him.
(f) So David began very often with tears, but
ended with thanksgiving.
4:7 And the g
peace of God, which passeth all understanding, shall keep your h
hearts and minds through Christ Jesus.
(g) That great quietness of mind, which God alone
gives in Christ.
(h) He divides the mind into the heart, that is,
into that part which is the seat of the will and affections, and into the
higher part, by which we understand and reason about matters.
Finally, brethren, whatsoever things are true, whatsoever things i
[are] honest, whatsoever things [are] just, whatsoever things [are] pure,
whatsoever things [are] lovely, whatsoever things [are] of good report; if
[there be] any virtue, and if [there be] any praise, think on these things.
(7) A general conclusion, that as they have been
taught both in word and example, so they build their lives to the rule of all
holiness and righteousness.
(i) Whatever things are such that they beautify
and set you apart with a holy gravity.
But I rejoiced in the Lord greatly, that now at the last your care of me hath
flourished again; wherein ye were also careful, but ye lacked opportunity.
(8) He witnesses that their liberality was
acceptable to him, with which they helped him in his extreme poverty: but yet
so moderating his words, that he might declare himself void of all suspicion
of dishonesty, and that he has a mind content both with prosperity and
adversity, and to be short, that he rests himself only in the will of God.
4:11 Not that I speak in respect of k
want: for I have learned, in whatsoever state I am, [therewith] to be content.
(k) As though I am speaking concerning my want.
4:12 I know both how to be l
abased, and I know how to abound: every where and in all things I am m
instructed both to be full and to be hungry, both to abound and to suffer need.
(l) He uses a general word, and yet he speaks but
of one type of cross, which is poverty, for poverty commonly brings all types
of discomforts with it.
(m) This is a metaphor taken from holy things or
sacrifices, for our life is like a sacrifice.
Now ye Philippians know also, that in the n
beginning of the gospel, when I departed from Macedonia, no church communicated
with me as concerning giving and receiving, but ye only.
(9) He witnesses that he remembers also their
former benefits, and again puts away sinister suspicion of greedy desire, in
that that he received nothing from anyone else.
(n) At the beginning, when I preached the Gospel
Not because I desire a gift: but I desire fruit that may abound to your account.
(10) He witnesses again that he admits well of
their benefit, not so much for his own sake as for theirs, because they gave
it not so much to him, as they offered it to God as a sacrifice, of which the
Lord himself will not be forgetful.
4:18 But I have all, and abound: I am full, having
received of Epaphroditus the things [which were sent] from you, an o
odour of a sweet smell, a sacrifice acceptable, wellpleasing to God.
(o) He alludes to the sweet smelling savours that
were offered under the old Law.
All the saints salute you, chiefly they that are of p
(p) Those who belong to the emperor Nero.