9:1 Now in the twenty and fourth day of this a month the children of Israel were assembled with fasting, and with sackclothes, and earth upon them.
(a) Meaning, the seventh.
9:3 And they stood up in their
place, and read in the book of the law of the LORD their God [one] fourth part
of the day; and [another] fourth part they b
confessed, and worshipped the LORD their God.
(b) They confessed their sins, and used prayers.
Yea, forty years didst thou sustain them in the wilderness, [so that] they
lacked nothing; their clothes waxed not old, and their feet c
(c) Though the way was tedious and long.
9:22 Moreover thou gavest them kingdoms and nations,
and didst d divide them into corners: so
they possessed the land of Sihon, and the land of the king of Heshbon, and the
land of Og king of Bashan.
(d) Meaning, the heathen whom he drove out.
Nevertheless they were disobedient, and rebelled against thee, and cast thy law
behind their backs, and slew thy prophets which e
testified against them to turn them to thee, and they wrought great
(e) Taking heaven and earth to witness that God
would destroy them unless they returned, as in (2 Chronicles
9:28 But after they had f
rest, they did evil again before thee: therefore leftest thou them in the hand
of their enemies, so that they had the dominion over them: yet when they
returned, and cried unto thee, thou heardest [them] from heaven; and many times
didst thou deliver them according to thy mercies;
(f) He declares how God's mercies always
contended with the wickedness of the people, who always in their prosperity
9:29 And testifiedst against them, that thou
mightest bring them again unto thy law: yet they dealt proudly, and hearkened
not unto thy commandments, but sinned against thy judgments, (which if a man do,
he shall live in them;) and g withdrew
the shoulder, and hardened their neck, and would not h
(g) Which is a sign taken from oxen that shrink
at the yoke or burden in (Zechariah
(h) When you admonished them by your prophets.
therefore, our God, the great, the mighty, and the terrible God, who keepest
covenant and mercy, let not all the trouble seem little before thee, that hath
come upon us, on our kings, on our princes, and on our priests, and on our
prophets, and on our fathers, and on all thy people, since the time of the i
kings of Assyria unto this day.
(i) By whom we were led away into captivity and
have been appointed to be slain, as in (Esther
9:33 Howbeit thou [art] just in all that is brought
upon us; for thou hast k done right, but
we have done wickedly:
(k) He confesses that all these things came to
them justly for their sins, but he appeals from God's justice to his
9:34 Neither have our kings, our princes, our
priests, nor our fathers, kept thy law, nor hearkened unto thy commandments and
thy testimonies, wherewith thou didst l
testify against them.
(l) That you would destroy them, unless they
would return to you, as in (Nehemiah
9:36 Behold, we [are] servants
this day, and [for] the land that thou gavest unto our fathers to eat the m
fruit thereof and the good thereof, behold, we [are] servants in it:
(m) That is, to be the Lord's.
9:38 And because of all this we
make n a sure [covenant], and write
[it]; and our princes, Levites, [and] priests, seal [unto it].
(n) Thus by affliction they promise to keep
God's commandments to which they could not be brought by God's great