14:1 After 1 two days was [the feast of] the passover, and of unleavened bread: and the chief priests and the scribes sought how they might take him by craft, and put [him] to death.
(1) By the will of God, against the counsel of
men, it came to pass that Christ should be put to death upon the solemn day of
the passover, that in all respects the truth of his sacrifice might agree to
the symbol of the passover.
And there were some that had indignation within themselves, and said, Why was
this waste of the ointment made?
(2) Rash judgments are made void before God.
14:5 For it might have been sold for more than a
three hundred pence, and have been given to the poor. And they murmured against
(a) Which is about six English pounds.
For ye have the poor with you always, and whensoever ye will ye may do them
good: but me ye have not always.
(3) Christ allowed himself to be anointed once or
twice for certain considerations: but his will is to be daily anointed in the
14:8 4 She
hath done what she could: she is come aforehand to anoint my body to the
(4) This woman, by the secret influence of the
Spirit, anoints Christ, and thus sets before men's eyes his death and burial
which were at hand.
And Judas Iscariot, one of the twelve, went unto the chief priests, to betray
him unto them.
(5) Covetousness disguised with a zeal of charity
is an occasion to betray and crucify Christ.
And the first day of unleavened bread, b
when c they killed the d
passover, his disciples said unto him, Where wilt thou that we go and prepare
that thou mayest eat the passover?
(6) Christ being made subject to the law for us
celebrates the passover according to the law: and in addition by a miracle
shows that even though he will immediately suffer in the flesh, that he is yet
(b) That is, upon this day, and at the evening of
the same day, which was the beginning of the fifteenth. See Geneva.
(c) They used to sacrifice.
(d) That is, spoken thus, by the figure of speech
called metonymy, which is commonly used when talking about sacraments, and by
the passover is meant the paschal lamb.
And he will shew you a large e upper
room furnished [and] prepared: there make ready for us.
(e) The Greek word signifies that part of the
house that is highest from the ground, and because they used to eat supper in
that part of the house they called it a supper room, no matter what they were
using it for.
And as they sat and did eat, Jesus said, Verily I say unto you, One of you which
eateth with me shall betray me.
(7) The types in the law, which are to be
fulfilled before long, are cancelled: and in place of them are put symbols of
the new covenant corresponding to them, which will continue to the world's
14:20 And he answered and
said unto them, [It is] one of the twelve, that f
dippeth with me in the dish.
(f) That regularly eats with me.
8 And Jesus saith unto them, All ye
shall be offended because of me this night: for it is written, I will smite the
shepherd, and the sheep shall be scattered.
(8) Christ foretells how he will be forsaken by
his own, but yet that he will never forsake them.
But Peter said unto him, Although all shall be offended, yet [will] not I.
(9) Here is set forth in an excellent person a
most sorrowful example of man's rashness and weakness.
14:31 But he spake the g
more vehemently, If I should die with thee, I will not deny thee in any wise.
Likewise also said they all.
(g) The doubling of words here sets out more
plainly Peter's vehement affirmation.
(10) And they came to a place which was named
Gethsemane: and he saith to his disciples, Sit ye here, while I shall pray.
(10) Christ suffering for us the most horrible
terrors of the curse of God, in that flesh which he took upon him for our
sakes, receives the cup from his Father's hands, which he being just, drinks
right away for the unjust.
And he said, h Abba, Father, all things
[are] possible unto thee; take away this cup from me: nevertheless not what I
will, but what thou wilt.
(h) This doubling of the word was used in those
days when their languages were mixed together: for the word "Abba"
is a Syrian word.
And he cometh, and findeth them sleeping, and saith unto Peter, Simon, sleepest
thou? couldest not thou watch one hour?
(11) A horrible example of the sluggishness of
men, even among the disciples whom Christ had chosen.
12 And immediately, while he yet spake,
cometh Judas, one of the twelve, and with him a great multitude with swords and
staves, from the chief priests and the scribes and the elders.
(12) As men willingly robbed God their creator of
his praise in forsaking and betraying him: so Christ, willingly going about to
make satisfaction for this ruin, is forsaken by his own, and betrayed by one
of his familiar acquaintances as a thief, so that the punishment might be in
agreement with the sin, and that we who are ourselves traitors, forsakers and
those committing sacrilege, might be delivered out of the devil's snare.
14:44 And he that betrayed him had given them a
token, saying, Whomsoever I shall kiss, that same is he; take him, and lead
[him] away i safely.
(i) So diligently that he cannot escape out of
And k one of them that stood by drew a
sword, and smote a servant of the high priest, and cut off his ear.
(k) That is, Peter.
And they l all forsook him, and fled.
(l) All his disciples.
And there followed him a certain young man, having a m
linen cloth cast about [his] naked [body]; and the young men laid hold on him:
(13) Under a pretence of godliness, all things
are lawful to those who do violence against Christ.
(m) Which he cast about him, and ran forth after
he heard the commotion in the night: by this we may understand with how great
licentiousness these villains violently set upon him.
14:53 And they led Jesus away
to the high priest: and with him were n
assembled all the chief priests and the elders and the scribes.
(n) The highest council was assembled because
Christ was accused as a blasphemer and a false prophet: for as to the other
crime of treason, it was forged against him by the priest in order to force
Pilate to condemn him.
And the chief priests and all the council sought for witness against Jesus to
put him to death; and found none.
(14) Christ, who was so innocent that he could
not be oppressed, not even by false witnesses, is at length condemned for
impiety before the high priest for confessing God to be his father. This is so
that we, who denied God and were indeed wicked, might be acquitted before God.
But he held his peace, and answered nothing. Again the high priest asked him,
and said unto him, Art thou the Christ, the Son of the o
(o) Of God, who is most worthy of all praise?
15 And some began to spit on him, and to
cover his face, and to buffet him, and to say unto him, Prophesy: and the
servants did strike him with the palms of their hands.
(15) Christ, suffering all types of reproach for
our sakes, gets everlasting glory for those that believe in him.
And as Peter was beneath in the palace, there cometh one of the maids of the
(16) A grievous example of the frailness of man
together with a most comfortable example of the mercy of God, who gives the
spirit of repentance and faith to his elect.
And q a maid saw him again, and began to
say to them that stood by, This is [one] of them.
(q) If we carefully compare the evangelists
together we will perceive that Peter was known by many through the maiden's
report: furthermore, when the second denial is spoken of in Luke, there is a
man servant mentioned and not a maid.