10:3 Wherefore a Adonizedek king of Jerusalem sent unto Hoham king of Hebron, and unto Piram king of Jarmuth, and unto Japhia king of Lachish, and unto Debir king of Eglon, saying,
(a) That is, "Lord of justice", so
tyrants take for themselves glorious names, when indeed they are the very
enemies of God and all justice.
10:5 Therefore the five kings
of the Amorites, the king of Jerusalem, the king of Hebron, the king of Jarmuth,
the king of Lachish, the king of Eglon, gathered themselves together, and went
up, they and all their hosts, and encamped before Gibeon, and made b
war against it.
(b) So envious the wicked are, when any depart
from their hand.
And the LORD said unto Joshua, c Fear
them not: for I have delivered them into thine hand; there shall not a man of
them stand before thee.
(c) Lest Joshua should have thought that God had
sent this great power against him for his unlawful league with the Gibeonites,
the Lord here strengthens him.
And it came to pass, as they fled from before Israel, [and] were in the going
down to Bethhoron, that the LORD cast down great stones from heaven upon them
unto Azekah, and they died: [they were] more which died with d
hailstones than [they] whom the children of Israel slew with the sword.
(d) So we see that all things serve to execute
God's vengeance against the wicked.
10:13 And the sun stood
still, and the moon stayed, until the people had avenged themselves upon their
enemies. [Is] not this written in the book of e
Jasher? So the sun stood still in the midst of heaven, and hasted not to go down
about a whole day.
(e) Some read, the book of the righteous, meaning
Moses: the Chaldea text reads, in the book of the Law, but it is likely that
it was a book thus named, which is now lost.
10:14 And there was no day like that before it or
after it, that the LORD hearkened unto the voice of a man: for the LORD f
fought for Israel.
(f) By taking away the enemies hearts and
destroying them with the hail stones.
And all the people returned to the camp to Joshua at Makkedah in g
peace: none moved his tongue against any of the children of Israel.
(g) Or in safety, so that none gave them as much
as an evil word.
And it came to pass, when they brought out those kings unto Joshua, that Joshua
called for all the men of Israel, and said unto the captains of the men of war
which went with him, Come near, put your feet upon the h
necks of these kings. And they came near, and put their feet upon the necks of
(h) Signifying what would become of the rest of
God's enemies, seeing that kings themselves were not spared.
So Joshua smote all the country of the hills, and of the south, and of the i
vale, and of the springs, and all their kings: he left none remaining, but
utterly destroyed all that breathed, as the LORD God of Israel commanded.
(i) Some read, Ashedoth, which signifies the
descents of the hills.
10:42 And all these kings
and their land did Joshua take at k one
time, because the LORD God of Israel fought for Israel.
(k) In one battle.
10:43 And Joshua returned, and all Israel with
him, unto the camp to l Gilgal.
(l) Where the ark was, there to give thanks for