14:1 Let 1 not your heart be troubled: ye believe in God, believe also in me.
(1) He believes in God who believes in Christ,
and there is no other way to strengthen and encourage our minds during the
14:2 In my Father's house are many mansions: if
[it were] not [so], a I would have told
you. I go to b prepare a place for you.
(a) That is, if it were not as I am telling you,
that is, unless there was room enough not only for me, but also for you in my
Father's house, I would not deceive you in this way with a vain hope, but I
would have plainly told you so.
(b) This whole speech is an allegory, by which
the Lord comforts his own, declaring to them his departure into heaven; and he
departs not to reign there alone, but to go before and prepare a place for
14:3 2 And
if I go and prepare a place for you, I will c
come again, and receive you unto myself; that where I am, [there] ye may be
(2) Christ did not go away from us with the
intent of forsaking us, but rather that he might eventually take us up with
him into heaven.
(c) These words are to be understood as being
said to the whole Church, and therefore the angels said to the disciples when
they were astonished, "Why do you stand gazing up into heaven? This Jesus
will so come as you saw him go up", (Acts
1:11). And in all places of the Scripture the full comfort of the Church
is considered to be that day when God will be all in all, and is therefore
called the day of redemption.
14:4 3 And
whither I go ye know, and the way ye know.
(3) Christ alone is the way to true and
everlasting life, for it is he in whom the Father has revealed himself.
14:6 Jesus saith unto him, I
am d the way, the truth, and the life:
no man cometh unto the Father, but by me.
(d) This saying shows unto us the nature, the
will, and office of Christ.
14:7 e If
ye had known me, ye should have known my Father also: and from henceforth ye
know him, and have seen him.
(e) It is plain by this verse that to know God
and to see God is the same thing. Now whereas he said before that no man saw
God at any time, it is to be understood in this way: without Christ, or were
it not through Christ, no man could ever see God, nor ever saw God, at any
time: for as Chrysostom says, the Son is a very concise and plain setting
forth of the Father's nature to us.
Believest thou not that I am in the Father, and the Father in me? the words that
I speak unto you I speak not of myself: but the Father that dwelleth in me, he
doeth the works.
(4) The majesty of God shows itself most
evidently both in Christ's doctrine and in his deeds.
Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that believeth on me, the works that I do
shall he do also; and f greater [works]
than these shall he do; because I go unto my Father.
(5) Christ's power is not only shown within his
own person, but it is spread through the body of his entire Church.
(f) That is, not only do them, but I can also
give other men power to do greater.
6 If ye love me, keep my commandments.
(6) He loves Christ rightly who obeys his
commandment: and because obedience to Christ is accompanied with an infinite
type and amount of miseries, although he is absent in body, yet he comforts
his own with the present power of the Holy Spirit, whom the world despises,
because it does not know him.
14:17 [Even] the g
Spirit of truth; whom the h world cannot
receive, because it seeth him not, neither knoweth him: but ye know him; for he
dwelleth with you, and shall be in you.
(g) The Holy Spirit is called the Spirit of truth
by reason of that which he does, because he inspires the truth into us,
because he has the truth in himself.
(h) Worldly men.
At that day ye shall know that I [am] i
in my Father, and ye in me, and I in you.
(i) The Son is in the Father in such a way that
he is of one selfsame substance with the Father, but he is in his disciples in
a different way, as an aider and helper of them.
14:21 He that hath my commandments, and keepeth
them, he it is that loveth me: and he that loveth me shall be loved of my
Father, and I will love him, and will k
manifest myself to him.
(k) I will show myself to him, and be known by
him, as if he saw me with his eyes: but this showing of himself is not bodily,
but spiritual, yet so plain that no other showing could be more evident.
Judas saith unto him, not Iscariot, Lord, how is it that thou wilt manifest
thyself unto us, and not unto the world?
(7) We must not ask why the gospel is revealed to
some rather than to others, but we must rather take heed that we embrace
Christ who is offered unto us, and that we truly love him, that is to say,
that we give ourselves wholly to obeying him.
8 These things have I spoken unto you,
being [yet] present with you.
(8) It is the duty and responsibility of the Holy
Spirit to imprint in the minds of the elect, in their times and seasons, that
which Christ once said.
Peace I leave with you, my peace I give unto you: not as the world giveth, give
I unto you. Let not your heart be troubled, neither let it be afraid.
(9) All true comfort and peace comes to us by
Ye have heard how I said unto you, I go away, and come [again] unto you. If ye
loved me, ye would rejoice, because I said, I go unto the Father: for my Father
is l greater than I.
(10) We should in no way be sorry for the
departing of Christ from us according to the flesh, but rather we should
rejoice in it, seeing that all the blessing of the body depends upon the
glorifying of the head.
(l) This is spoken in that Christ is mediator,
for in this regard the Father is greater than he, in as much as the person to
whom request is made is greater than he that makes the request.
Hereafter I will not talk much with you: for the prince of this world cometh,
and hath m nothing in me.
(11) Christ goes to death not unwillingly, but
willingly, not that he is yielding to the devil, but rather that he is obeying
his Father's decree.
(m) As one would say, "Satan will eventually
set upon me with all the might he can, but he has no power over me, neither
will he find any such thing in me as he thinks he will."