13:1 Now 1 before the feast of the passover, when Jesus knew that his hour was come that he should depart out of this world unto the Father, having loved his a own which were in the world, he loved them unto the end.
(1) Christ is as sure of the victory as he is of
the combat which was at hand, and by using the sign of washing the feet, gives
by this an example in part of singular modesty, and his great love toward his
apostles in this notable act, being likely to depart very shortly from them:
and he partly witnesses unto them that it is he alone who washes away the
filth of his people, and sanctifies them little by little in their time and
(a) Those of his household, that is, his saints.
13:3 Jesus knowing that the
Father had given all things into his b
hands, and that he was come from God, and went to God;
(b) Into his power.
13:4 He c
riseth from supper, and laid aside his garments; and took a towel, and girded
(c) In that he is said to rise, it argues that
there was a space of time between the ceremony of the passover and this
washing of feet, at which time it seems that the Lord's supper was
Peter saith unto him, Thou shalt never wash my feet. Jesus answered him, If I
wash thee not, thou hast d no part with
(d) Unless you allow me to wash you, you will
have no part in the kingdom of heaven.
2 I speak not of you all: I know whom I
have chosen: but that the scripture may be fulfilled, He that eateth bread with
me hath lifted up his heel against me.
(2) The betraying of Christ was not accidental,
or a thing that happened by chance, but it was the Father who ordained the
cause of our salvation, to reconcile us unto himself in his Son, and the Son
willingly and voluntarily obeyed the Father.
When Jesus had thus said, he was troubled in spirit, and e
testified, and said, Verily, verily, I say unto you, that one of you shall
(e) He affirmed it openly and sealed it.
13:23 Now there was f
leaning on Jesus' bosom one of his disciples, whom Jesus loved.
(f) John's leaning was such that sitting down
on his mat his head was toward the head of Jesus: for it is certain that in
ancient times men used to not sit at the table, but to lie down on one of
3 Therefore, when he was gone out, Jesus
said, g Now is the Son of man glorified,
and God is glorified in him.
(3) We have to see the glorifying of Christ in
(g) This verse and the one following are a most
plain and evident testimony to the divinity of Christ.
Little children, yet a little while I am with you. Ye shall seek me: and as I
said unto the Jews, Whither I go, ye cannot come; so now I say to you.
(4) The eternal glory will flow little by little
from the head into the members. But meanwhile, we must take good heed that we
run the race of this life in brotherly love.
5 Simon Peter said unto him, Lord,
whither goest thou? Jesus answered him, Whither I go, thou canst not follow me
now; but thou shalt follow me afterwards.
(5) A weighty example of rash trust and