59:3 For your hands are defiled with a blood, and your fingers with iniquity; your lips have spoken lies, your tongue hath uttered perverseness.
(a) Read (Isaiah
59:4 None calleth for justice, nor [any] b
pleadeth for truth: they trust in vanity, and speak lies; they conceive
mischief, and c bring forth iniquity.
(b) All men wink at the injuries and oppressions
and none go about to remedy them.
(c) According to their wicked devices, they hurt
59:5 They hatch d
eggs of an adder, and weave the spider's e
web: he that eateth of their eggs dieth, and that which is crushed breaketh out
into a viper.
(d) Whatever comes from them is poison, and
(e) They are profitable to no purpose.
Therefore is f judgment far from us,
neither doth g justice overtake us: we
wait for light, but behold obscurity; for brightness, [but] we walk in darkness.
(f) That is, God's vengeance to punish our
(g) God's protection to defend us.
59:10 We grope for the wall like the h
blind, and we grope as if [we had] no eyes: we stumble at noonday as in the
night; [we are] in desolate places as dead [men].
(h) We are altogether destitute of counsel, and
can find no end to our miseries.
59:11 We all roar like i
bears, and mourn bitterly like doves: we look for judgment, but [there is] none;
for salvation, [but] it is far from us.
(i) We express our sorrows by outward signs, some
more and some less.
59:12 For our transgressions are multiplied before
thee, and our k sins testify against us:
for our transgressions [are] with us; and [as for] our iniquities, we know them;
(k) This confession is general to the Church to
obtain remission of sins, and the prophets did not exempt themselves from the
59:13 In transgressing and lying against the LORD,
and departing away from our God, speaking oppression and revolt, conceiving and
uttering from the heart words of l
(l) That is, against our neighbours.
59:14 And m
judgment is turned away backward, and justice standeth afar off: for truth is
fallen in the street, and equity cannot enter.
(m) There is neither justice nor uprightness
59:15 Yea, truth faileth; and he [that] departeth
from evil maketh himself n a prey: and
the LORD saw [it], and it displeased him that [there was] no judgment.
(n) The wicked will destroy him.
59:16 And he saw that [there was] no man, and
wondered that [there was] no intercessor: o
therefore his arm brought p salvation to
him; and his righteousness, it sustained him.
(o) Meaning, to do justice, and to remedy the
things that were so far out of order.
(p) That is, his Church or his arm helped itself
and did not seek aid from any other.
59:17 For he put on righteousness as a
breastplate, and an q helmet of
salvation upon his head; and he put on the garments of vengeance [for] clothing,
and was clad with zeal as a cloke.
(q) Signifying that God has all means at hand to
deliver his Church and to punish their enemies.
59:18 According to [their] deeds, accordingly he
will repay, fury to his adversaries, recompence to his enemies; to the r
isles he will repay recompence.
(r) That is, your enemies who dwell in various
places, and beyond the sea.
59:19 So shall they fear the name of the LORD from
the west, and his glory from the rising of the sun. When the enemy shall s
come in like a flood, the Spirit of the LORD shall lift up a standard against
(s) He shows that there will be great affliction
in the Church, but God will always deliver his.
59:20 And the Redeemer shall come to Zion, and to t
them that turn from transgression in Jacob, saith the LORD.
(t) By which he declares that the true
deliverance from sin and Satan belongs to none but to the children of God,
whom he justifies.
59:21 As for me, this [is] my covenant with them,
saith the LORD; My spirit that [is] upon thee, and my words which I have put in
thy mouth, u shall not depart out of thy
mouth, nor out of the mouth of thy seed, nor out of the mouth of thy seed's
seed, saith the LORD, from henceforth and for ever.
(u) Because the doctrine is made profitable by
the virtue of the Spirit, he joins the one with the other, and promises to
give them both to his Church for ever.