43:1 But now thus saith the LORD a that created thee, O Jacob, and he that formed thee, O Israel, b Fear not: for I have redeemed thee, I have called [thee] by thy name; thou [art] mine.
(a) After these threatenings he promises
deliverance to his Church, because he has regenerated them, adopted them, and
(b) When you see dangers and conspiracies on all
sides, remember this benefit and the love of your God, and it will encourage
43:2 When thou passest through the c
waters, I [will be] with thee; and through the rivers, they shall not overflow
thee: when thou walkest through the fire, thou shalt not be burned; neither
shall the flame kindle upon thee.
(c) By water and fire he means all kinds of
trouble and peril.
43:3 For I [am] the LORD thy God, the Holy One of
Israel, thy Saviour: I gave d Egypt
[for] thy ransom, Cush and Seba for thee.
(d) I turned Sennacherib's power against these
countries, and made them suffer the affliction which you would have done, and
so were as the payment of our ransom, (Isaiah
43:4 Since thou hast been precious in my sight,
thou hast been honourable, and I have loved thee: therefore will I give e
men for thee, and people for thy life.
(e) I will not spare any man, rather than you
should perish, for God values one of his faithful more than all the wicked in
43:5 Fear not: for I [am] with thee: I will bring
thy seed from the f east, and gather
thee from the west;
(f) He prophecies of their deliverance from the
captivity of Babylon, and so of the calling of the universal Church, alluding
to that which is written in (Deuteronomy
43:7 [Even] every one that is
called by my g name: for I have created
him for my glory, I have formed him; verily, I have made him.
(g) Meaning that he could not be unmindful of
them, unless he would neglect his own Name and glory.
43:9 Let all the nations be
gathered h together, and let the people
be assembled: who among them can declare this, and show us former things? let
them bring forth their i witnesses, that
they may be justified: or let them k
hear, and say, [It is] truth.
(h) Signifying that no power can resist him in
doing this miraculous work, nor are all their idols able to do the same, as in
(i) To prove that the things which are spoken of
them are true.
(k) Showing that the malice of the wicked hinders
them in the knowledge of the truth, because they will not hear when God speaks
by his word.
43:10 Ye l
[are] my witnesses, saith the LORD, and my m
servant whom I have chosen: that ye may know and believe me, and understand that
I [am] he: before me there was no god formed, neither shall there be after me.
(l) The prophets and people to whom I have given
(m) Meaning especially Christ, and by him all the
Thus saith the LORD, your redeemer, the Holy One of Israel; For your sake I have
sent to Babylon, and have n brought down
all their nobles, and the Chaldeans, whose cry [is] in o
(n) By Darius and Cyrus.
(o) They will cry when they would escape by my
water, seeing that the course of the Euphrates is turned another way by the
43:16 Thus saith the LORD,
who maketh a way in p the sea, and a
path in the mighty q waters;
(p) When he delivered Israel from Pharaoh, (Exodus
(q) When the Israelites passed through Jordan, (Joshua
43:17 Who bringeth r
forth the s chariot and horse, the army
and the power; they shall lie down together, they shall not rise: they are
extinct, they are quenched as a wick.
(r) When he delivered his people out of Egypt.
(s) Pharaoh and his mighty army.
43:19 Behold, I will do a
new thing; now it shall spring forth; shall ye not know it? I will even make a
way in the t wilderness, [and] rivers in
(t) Meaning, that their deliverance out of
Babylon would be more famous than that from Egypt was, (Jeremiah
2:10; 2 Corinthians
43:20 The u
beast of the field shall honour me, the dragons and the owls: because I give
waters in the wilderness, [and] rivers in the desert, to give drink to my
people, my chosen.
(u) They will have such abundance of all things
as they return home, even in the dry and barren places, that the very beasts
will feel my blessings and will acknowledge them: much more men ought to be
thankful for the same.
43:22 But thou hast not x
called upon me, O Jacob; but thou hast been y
weary of me, O Israel.
(x) You have not worshipped me as you ought to
(y) Because you have not willingly received that
which I commanded you, you grieved me. By which he shows that his mercies were
the only reason for their deliverance, as they had deserved the contrary.
43:23 Thou z
hast not brought me the small cattle of thy burnt offerings; neither hast thou
honoured me with thy sacrifices. I have not caused thee to serve with an
offering, nor wearied thee with incense.
(z) Meaning, in true faith and obedience.
43:24 Thou hast bought me no sweet a
cane with money, neither hast thou filled me with the fat of thy sacrifices: but
thou hast b burdened me with thy sins,
thou hast wearied me with thy iniquities.
(a) Either for the composition of the sweet
30:34), or for the sweet incense (Exodus
43:26 Put me in c
remembrance: let us plead together: declare thou, that thou mayest be justified.
(c) If I forget anything that may make for your
justification, put me in remembrance and speak for yourself.
43:27 Thy d
first father hath sinned, and thy e
teachers have transgressed against me.
(d) Your ancestors.
(e) Your priests and your prophets.
43:28 Therefore I have f
profaned the princes of the sanctuary, and have given Jacob to the curse, and
Israel to reproaches.
(f) That is, rejected, abhorred, and destroyed
them in the wilderness and at other times.