42:1 Behold a my servant, b whom I uphold; my elect, [in whom] my soul c delighteth; I have put my spirit upon him: he shall bring forth d judgment to the Gentiles.
(a) That is, Christ, who in respect to his
manhood is called here servant. The prophets used to make mention of Christ
after they declared any great promise, because he is the foundation on which
all the promises are made and ratified.
(b) For I have committed all my power to him, as
to a most faithful steward: some read, I will establish him: that is, in his
office by giving him the fulness of my Spirit.
(c) Only he is acceptable to me and they that
come to me by him: for there is no other means of reconciliation, (Matthew
(d) He will declare himself governor over the
Gentiles and call them by his word, and rule them by his Spirit.
42:2 He shall not e
cry, nor lift up, nor cause his voice to be heard in the street.
(e) His coming will not be with pomp and noise,
as earthly princes.
42:3 A f
bruised reed shall he not break, and the smoking g
flax shall he not quench: he shall bring forth judgment to h
(f) He will not hurt the weak and feeble, but
support and comfort them.
(g) Meaning, the wick of a lamp or candle which
is almost out, but he will cherish it and snuff it, that it may shine
(h) Although he favours the weak, yet will he not
spare the wicked, but will judge them according to truth and equity.
42:4 He shall not fail nor be discouraged, till he
hath i set judgment in the earth: and
the k isles shall wait for his law.
(i) Till he has set all things in good order.
(k) The Gentiles will desire to receive his
42:6 I the LORD have called
thee in l righteousness, and will hold m
thy hand, and will keep thee, and give thee for a n
covenant of the people, for a light of the Gentiles;
(l) Meaning, to a lawful and just calling.
(m) To assist and guide you.
(n) As him, by whom the promise made to all
nations in Abraham will be fulfilled.
42:8 I [am] the LORD: that
[is] my name: and my o glory will I not
give to another, neither my praise to graven images.
(o) I will not permit my glory to be diminished:
which I would do if I were not faithful.
42:9 Behold, the former things have p
come to pass, and new things do I declare: before they spring forth I tell you
(p) As in time past I have been true in my
promises, so will I be in time to come.
42:11 Let the wilderness
and its cities lift up [their voice], the villages [that] q
Kedar doth inhabit: let the inhabitants of the rock sing, let them shout from
the top of the mountains.
(q) Meaning, the Arabians, under whom he
comprehends all the people of the East.
42:13 The LORD shall go
forth as a r mighty man, he shall stir
up jealousy like a man of war: he shall cry, yea, roar; he shall prevail against
(r) He shows the zeal of the Lord, and his power
in the conservation of his Church.
42:14 I have long time held my peace; I have been
still, [and] restrained myself: [now] will I cry like a s
travailing woman; I will destroy and devour at once.
(s) I will haste to execute my vengeance, which I
have so long deferred as a woman that desires to be delivered, when she is in
42:16 And I will bring the t
blind by a way [that] they knew not; I will lead them in paths [that] they have
not known: I will make darkness light before them, and crooked things straight.
These things will I do for them, and not forsake them.
(t) That is, my poor people, who are in
perplexity and care.
Who [is] blind, but my u servant? or
deaf, as my x messenger [that] I sent?
who [is] blind as [he that is] y
perfect, and blind as the LORD'S servant?
(u) That is, Israel, which would have most light
because of my Law.
(x) The priest to whom my word is committed, who
would not only hear it himself but cause others to hear it.
(y) As the priests and prophets that would be
lights to others?
But this [is] a people z robbed and
plundered; [they are] all of them snared in holes, and they are hid in prison
houses: they are for a prey, and none delivereth; for a spoil, and none saith, a
(z) Because they will not acknowledge this
blessing from the Lord, who is ready to deliver them, he permits them to be
spoiled by their enemies through their own fault and incredulity.
(a) There will be no one to comfort them , or to
will the enemy to restore that which he has spoiled.
42:23 Who among you will give ear to this? [who]
will hearken and hear for b the time to
(b) Meaning, God's wrath.