1:1 In the second year of a Darius the king, in the sixth month, in the first day of the month, came the word of the LORD by Haggai the prophet unto b Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and to Joshua the son of Josedech, the high priest, saying,
The Argument - When the time of the seventy years captivity prophesied by
Jeremiah was expired, God raised up Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi, to comfort
the Jews, and to exhort them to the building of the temple, which was a figure
of the spiritual Temple and Church of God, whose perfection and excellency
depended on Christ. And because all were given to their own pleasures and
benefits, he declares that that plague of famine, which God then sent among
them, was a just reward for their ingratitude, in that they condemned God's
honour, who had delivered them. Yet he comforts them, if they will return to
the Lord, with the promise of great felicity, since the Lord will finish the
work that he has begun, and send Christ whom he had promised, and by whom they
would attain to perfect joy and glory.
(a) Who was the son of Histaspis and the third
king of the Persians, as some think.
(b) Because the building of the temple began to
cease, by reason that the people were discouraged by their enemies: and if
these two notable men had need to be stirred up and admonished of their
duties, what will we think of other governors, whose doings are either against
God, or very cold in his cause?
1:2 Thus speaketh the LORD of hosts, saying, This
people say, The time is not come, the time c
that the LORD'S house should be built.
(c) Not that they condemned the building of it,
but they preferred policy and personal profit to religion, being content with
1:4 [Is it] time for you, O ye,
to dwell in your d cieled houses, and
this house [lie] waste?
(d) Showing that they sought not only their
necessities, but their very pleasures before God's honour.
Ye have sown much, and bring in little; ye eat, but ye have not enough; ye
drink, but ye are not filled with drink; ye clothe you, but there is none warm;
and he that earneth wages earneth wages [to put it] into a bag with holes.
(e) Consider the plagues of God upon you for
preferring your policies to his religion, and because you do not seek him
above all else.
1:8 Go f
up to the mountain, and bring wood, and build the house; and g
I will take pleasure in it, and I will h
be glorified, saith the LORD.
(f) Meaning, that they should leave their own
benefits, and go forward in the building of God's temple, and in the setting
forth of his religion.
(g) That is, I will hear your prayers according
to my promise; (1 Kings
(h) That is, my glory will be set forth by you.
1:9 Ye looked for much, and, lo, [it came] to
little; and when ye brought [it] home, I did blow i
upon it. Why? saith the LORD of hosts. Because of mine house that [is] waste,
and ye run every man unto his own house.
(i) And so bring it to nothing.
Then Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, and Joshua the son of Josedech, the high
priest, with all the remnant of the people, obeyed the k
voice of the LORD their God, and the words of Haggai the prophet, as the LORD
their God had sent him, and the people did fear before the LORD.
(k) This declares that God was the author of the
doctrine, and that Haggai was but the minister, as in (Exodus
1:14 And the LORD stirred up l
the spirit of Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and the spirit
of Joshua the son of Josedech, the high priest, and the spirit of all the
remnant of the people; and they came and did work in the house of the LORD of
hosts, their God,
(l) Which declares that men are unable and dull
to serve the Lord, neither can they obey his word or his messengers, before
God reforms their hearts, and gives them new spirits; (John