30:2 And Jacob's anger was kindled against Rachel: and he said, [Am] I in a God's stead, who hath withheld from thee the fruit of the womb?
(a) It is only God who makes one barren or
fruitful, and therefore I am not at fault.
30:3 And she said, Behold my maid Bilhah, go in unto
her; and she shall bear upon my b knees,
that I may also have children by her.
(b) I will receive her children on my lap, as
though they were my own.
And Rachel said, With great wrestlings have I wrestled with my sister, c
and I have prevailed: and she called his name Naphtali.
(c) The arrogancy of man's nature appears in
that she condemns her sister, after she has received this benefit from God to
And Leah said, d A troop cometh: and she
called his name Gad.
(d) That is, God increases me with a multitude of
children for so Jacob explains this name Gad (Genesis
And Reuben went in the days of wheat harvest, and found e
mandrakes in the field, and brought them unto his mother Leah. Then Rachel said
to Leah, Give me, I pray thee, of thy son's mandrakes.
(e) Which is a kind of herb whose root has a
likeness to the figure of a man.
And Leah said, God hath given me my hire, because I have given my f
maiden to my husband: and she called his name Issachar.
(f) Instead of acknowledging her fault she boasts
as if God had rewarded her for it.
And she conceived, and bare a son; and said, God hath taken away my g
(g) Because fruitfulness came as God's
blessing, who said "Increase and multiply", barrenness was counted
as a curse.
For [it was] little which thou hadst before I [came], and it is [now] increased
unto a multitude; and the LORD hath blessed thee since my coming: and now when
shall h I provide for mine own house
(h) The order of nature requires that every one
provide for his own family.
30:32 I will pass through all
thy flock to day, removing from thence all the speckled and spotted cattle, and
all the brown cattle among the sheep, and the spotted and speckled among the
goats: i and [of such] shall be my hire.
(i) That which is spotted, from now on.
30:33 So shall my k
righteousness answer for me in time to come, when it shall come for my hire
before thy face: every one that [is] not speckled and spotted among the goats,
and brown among the sheep, that shall be counted stolen with me.
(k) God shall attest to my righteous dealing by
rewarding my labours.
And Jacob l took him rods of green
poplar, and of the hazel and chesnut tree; and pilled white strakes in them, and
made the white appear which [was] in the rods.
(l) Jacob used no deceit in this for it was
God's commandment as he declares in (Genesis
And it came to pass, whensoever the m
stronger cattle did conceive, that Jacob laid the rods before the eyes of the
cattle in the gutters, that they might conceive among the rods.
(m) As they which took the ram about September
and brought forth about March: so the feebler in March and lamb in September.