14:2 Speak unto the children of Israel, that they a turn and encamp before b Pihahiroth, between Migdol and the sea, over against Baalzephon: before it shall ye encamp by the sea.
(a) From toward the country of the Philistines.
(b) So the Sea was before them, mountains on
either side, and the enemies at their back: yet they obeyed God, and were
14:4 And I will harden
Pharaoh's heart, that he shall follow after them; and I will c
be honoured upon Pharaoh, and upon all his host; that the Egyptians may know
that I [am] the LORD. And they did so.
(c) By punishing his obstinate rebellion.
he took six hundred chosen chariots, and d
all the chariots of Egypt, and captains over every one of them.
(d) Josephus writes that besides those chariots,
there were 50,000 horsemen, and 80,000 footmen.
14:8 And the LORD hardened the heart of Pharaoh king
of Egypt, and he pursued after the children of Israel: and the children of
Israel went out with an e high hand.
(e) With great joy and boldness.
14:10 And when Pharaoh drew
nigh, the children of Israel lifted up their eyes, and, behold, the Egyptians
marched after them; and they were sore f
afraid: and the children of Israel cried out unto the LORD.
(f) They who earlier had rejoiced in their
deliverance, being now in danger, are afraid.
14:12 [Is] not this the word
that we did tell thee in Egypt, saying, Let g
us alone, that we may serve the Egyptians? For [it had been] better for us to
serve the Egyptians, than that we should die in the wilderness.
(g) Such is the impatience of the flesh, that it
cannot wait for God's appointed time.
14:14 The LORD shall fight
for you, and ye shall h hold your peace.
(h) Only put your trust in God without grudging
14:15 And the LORD said unto Moses, Wherefore i
criest thou unto me? speak unto the children of Israel, that they go forward:
(i) Thus in temptation faith fights against the
flesh, and cries with inward groanings to the Lord.
And it came between the camp of the Egyptians and the camp of Israel; and it was
a cloud and darkness [to them], but it gave k
light by night [to these]: so that the one came not near the other all the
(k) The cloud gave light to the Israelites, but
to the Egyptians it was darkness, so that their two groups could not join
And it came to pass, that in the morning l
watch the LORD looked unto the host of the Egyptians through the pillar of fire
and of the cloud, and troubled the host of the Egyptians,
(l) Which was about the last three hours of the
And Moses stretched forth his hand over the sea, and the sea returned to his
strength when the morning appeared; and the Egyptians fled against it; and the
LORD m overthrew the Egyptians in the
midst of the sea.
(m) So, using the water, the Lord saved his own
and drowned his enemies.
And Israel saw that great work which the LORD did upon the Egyptians: and the
people feared the LORD, and believed the LORD, and his n
(n) That is, the doctrine which he taught them in
the Name of the Lord.