17:4 And there a went out a champion out of the camp of the Philistines, named Goliath, of Gath, whose height [was] six cubits and a span.
(a) Between the two camps.
17:5 And [he had] an helmet of brass upon his
head, and he [was] armed with a coat of mail; and the weight of the coat [was]
five thousand b shekels of brass.
(b) That is, 156 pounds 4 ounces, after half and
ounce to the shekel: and 600 shekels weight amounts to 18 3/4 pounds.
But David c went and returned from Saul
to feed his father's sheep at Bethlehem.
(c) To serve Saul, (1 Samuel
17:17 And Jesse said
unto David his son, d Take now for thy
brethren an ephah of this parched [corn], and these ten loaves, and run to the
camp to thy brethren;
(d) Though Jesse meant one thing, yet God's
providence directed David to another end.
17:18 And carry these ten cheeses unto the
captain of [their] thousand, and look how thy brethren fare, and take their e
(e) If they have laid anything to gauge for their
necessity, redeem it out.
And as he talked with them, behold, there came up the champion, the Philistine
of Gath, Goliath by name, out of the armies of the Philistines, and spake
according to the f same words: and David
(f) As in (1 Samuel
17:25 And the men of
Israel said, Have ye seen this man that is come up? surely to defy Israel is he
come up: and it shall be, [that] the man who killeth him, the king will enrich
him with great riches, and will give him his daughter, and make his father's
house g free in Israel.
(g) From taxes and payments.
17:26 And David spake to the men that stood by
him, saying, What shall be done to the man that killeth this Philistine, and
taketh away the h reproach from Israel?
for who [is] this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should defy the armies of
the living God?
(h) This dishonour that he does to Israel.
And David said, What have I now done? [Is there] not a i
(i) For his father's sending was a just
occasion, and also he felt himself inwardly moved by God's Spirit.
And Saul said to David, Thou art not k
able to go against this Philistine to fight with him: for thou [art but] a
youth, and he a man of war from his youth.
(k) Here Satan proves David's faith, by the
infidelity of Saul.
17:34 And David said unto Saul, Thy servant
kept his father's sheep, and there came a l
lion, and a bear, and took a lamb out of the flock:
(l) David, because of previous experience with
God's help, did not doubt to overcome this danger, seeing as he was zealous
for God's honour.
David said moreover, The LORD that delivered me out of the paw of the lion, and
out of the paw of the bear, he will deliver me out of the hand of this
Philistine. And Saul said unto David, m
Go, and the LORD be with thee.
(m) For by these examples he saw that the power
of God was with him.
And he took his n staff in his hand, and
chose him five smooth stones out of the brook, and put them in a shepherd's
bag which he had, even in a scrip; and his sling [was] in his hand: and he drew
near to the Philistine.
(n) So that by these weak means, It might be
known that only God was the author of this victory.
And the Philistine said unto David, [Am] I a dog, that thou comest to me with
staves? And the Philistine o cursed
David by his gods.
(o) He swore by his gods that he would destroy
This p day will the LORD deliver thee
into mine hand; and I will smite thee, and take thine head from thee; and I will
give the carcases of the host of the Philistines this day unto the fowls of the
air, and to the wild beasts of the earth; that all the earth may know that there
is a God in Israel.
(p) David being assured both of his cause and of
his calling prophecies of the destruction of the Philistines.
17:48 And it came
to pass, when the Philistine arose, and came and drew nigh to meet David, that
David q hasted, and ran toward the army
to meet the Philistine.
(q) Being moved with a fervent zeal to be
revenged of this blaspheme of God's name.
And when Saul saw David go forth against the Philistine, he said unto Abner, the
captain of the host, Abner, e whose son
[is] this youth? And Abner said, [As] thy soul liveth, O king, I cannot tell.
(e) That is, of what family and tribe is he? He
had forgotten David, even though he had received so great a benefit by him.