The affliction of the day of atonement; Christ's work; the confession of the escaped remnant
Chapter 53. Israel's
unbelief is declared. The structure of this most
interesting chapter is as follows. As we have seen, in
the Psalms and elsewhere, the full repentance of Israel
comes after their deliverance. That is, when (as judged
of Jehovah) their chastening is over, the glorious
manifestation of Christ as their deliverer produces the
deep sense of their sin in having rejected Him. This is
Psalm 130. It is the affliction of the day of atonement.
This chapter (53) expresses it. After verse 1 the Spirit
speaks by the mouth of the escaped remnant of Israel.
They confess their sin in having despised Him.
Nevertheless there is faith now in the efficacy of His
work (v. 5). Verse I shews that the testimony of Christ,
addressed to faith, had been rejected. They believe when
they see Him. I need not comment on this chapter, which
is engraved on every true Christian's heart. We, by the
work of the Holy Ghost sent down from heaven, have
anticipated, and more than anticipated, their faith in
the value of that work which is here spoken of; and their
sin, which, as far as the nation was concerned in it,
they here acknowledge. They had esteemed Him smitten,
rejected of God, but the meaning of this is now seen. In
verse 11, it is my belief that the two parts of Christ's
work are distinguished. By His knowledge He shall bring
many to righteousness, or instruct many in righteousness,
and He shall bear their iniquities.