28:1 And it came to pass in those days, that the Philistines gathered their armies together for warfare, to fight with Israel. And Achish said unto David, a Know thou assuredly, that thou shalt go out with me to battle, thou and thy men.
(a) Though it was a great grief to David to fight
against the people of God, yet such was his infirmity, he did not dare deny
28:3 Now Samuel was dead,
and all Israel had lamented him, and buried him in Ramah, even in his own city.
And Saul had b put away those that had
familiar spirits, and the wizards, out of the land.
(b) According to the commandment of God, (Exodus
And when Saul enquired of the LORD, the LORD answered him not, neither by
dreams, nor by c Urim, nor by prophets.
(c) Meaning, the high priest, (Exodus
28:8 And Saul d
disguised himself, and put on other raiment, and he went, and two men with him,
and they came to the woman by night: and he said, I pray thee, divine unto me by
the familiar spirit, and bring me [him] up, whom I shall name unto thee.
(d) He does not seek God in his misery, but is
led by Satan to unlawful means, which in his conscience he condemns.
Then said the woman, Whom shall I bring up unto thee? And he said, Bring me up e
(e) He speaks according to his gross ignorance
not considering the state of the saints after this life, and how Satan has no
power over them.
And he said unto her, What form [is] he of? And she said, An old man cometh up;
and he [is] covered with a mantle. And Saul perceived that it [was] f
Samuel, and he stooped with [his] face to the ground, and bowed himself.
(f) To his imagination, even though it was Satan,
who to blind his eyes took on him the form of Samuel, as he can do of an angel
And the LORD hath done to g him, as he
spake by me: for the LORD hath rent the kingdom out of thine hand, and given it
to thy neighbour, [even] to David:
(g) That is, to David.
28:19 Moreover the
LORD will also deliver Israel with thee into the hand of the Philistines: h
and to morrow [shalt] thou and thy sons [be] with me: the LORD also shall
deliver the host of Israel into the hand of the Philistines.
(h) You will die, (1 Samuel
28:20 Then Saul fell straightway all along on the
earth, and was sore i afraid, because of
the words of Samuel: and there was no strength in him; for he had eaten no bread
all the day, nor all the night.
(i) The wicked when they hear God's judgments,
tremble and despair, but cannot seek for mercy by repentance.
28:21 And the woman came unto Saul, and saw
that he was sore troubled, and said unto him, Behold, thine handmaid hath obeyed
thy voice, and I k have put my life in
my hand, and have hearkened unto thy words which thou spakest unto me.
(k) I have ventured my life.
And the woman had a fat calf in the house; and she hasted, and killed it, and
took flour, and kneaded [it], and did bake l
unleavened bread thereof:
(l) Because it required haste.