25:1 And Samuel died; and all the Israelites were gathered together, and lamented him, and buried him in his a house at Ramah. And David arose, and went down to the wilderness of Paran.
(a) That is, among his own kindred.
25:2 And [there was] a man in b
Maon, whose possessions [were] in Carmel; and the man [was] very great, and he
had three thousand sheep, and a thousand goats: and he was shearing his sheep in
(b) Maon and Carmel were cities in the tribe of
Judah. Carmel the mountain was in Galilee.
And thus shall ye say c to him that
liveth [in prosperity], Peace [be] both to thee, and peace [be] to thine house,
and peace [be] unto all that thou hast.
(c) Or, for salvation.
25:8 Ask thy young
men, and they will shew thee. Wherefore let the young men find favour in thine
eyes: for we come in a good day: give, I pray thee, whatsoever d
cometh to thine hand unto thy servants, and to thy son David.
(d) Whatever you have ready for us.
25:10 And Nabal
answered David's servants, and said, Who [is] David? and who [is] the e
son of Jesse? there be many servants now a days that break away every man from
(e) Thus the covetous wretches instead of
relieving the needs of God's children, reviled their persons and condemned
But the men [were] very good f unto us,
and we were not hurt, neither missed we any thing, as long as we were conversant
with them, when we were in the fields:
(f) When we kept our sheep in the wilderness of
And she said unto her servants, Go on before me; behold, I come after you. But
she told not her g husband Nabal.
(g) Because she knew his crooked nature, that he
would rather die than agree to her enterprise.
So and more also do God unto the enemies of David, if I leave of all that
[pertain] to him by the morning light any that h
pisseth against the wall.
(h) Meaning by this proverb that he would destroy
both small and great.
Now therefore, my lord, [as] the LORD liveth, and [as] thy soul liveth, seeing
the LORD hath withholden thee from coming to [shed] blood, and from avenging
thyself with thine own i hand, now let
thine enemies, and they that seek evil to my lord, be as Nabal.
(i) That is, that you should not be revenged by
25:28 I pray thee,
forgive the trespass of thine handmaid: for the LORD will certainly make my lord
a k sure house; because my lord fighteth
the battles of the LORD, and evil hath not been found in thee [all] thy days.
(k) Confirm his kingdom to his posterity.
25:29 Yet l
a man is risen to pursue thee, and to seek thy soul: but the soul of my lord
shall be bound in the m bundle of life
with the LORD thy God; and the souls of thine enemies, them shall he sling out,
[as out] of the middle of a sling.
(l) That is, Saul.
(m) God will preserve you long in his service,
and destroy your enemies.
25:31 That this
shall be no grief unto thee, nor offence of heart unto my lord, either that thou
hast shed blood causeless, or that my lord hath n
avenged himself: but when the LORD shall have dealt well with my lord, then
remember thine handmaid.
(n) That he did not avenge himself, which would
have tormented his conscience.
25:33 And blessed
[be] thy advice, and blessed [be] thou, which hast kept me this day from coming
to [shed] blood, o and from avenging
myself with mine own hand.
(o) Read (1 Samuel
25:34 For in very deed, [as] the LORD God of
Israel liveth, p which hath kept me back
from hurting thee, except thou hadst hasted and come to meet me, surely there
had not been left unto Nabal by the morning light any that pisseth against the
(p) He attributes it to the Lord's mercy, and
not to himself that he was stayed.
25:36 And Abigail
came to Nabal; and, behold, he held a feast in his house, like the feast of a
king; and Nabal's heart [was] merry within him, for he [was] very drunken:
wherefore she told him q nothing, less
or more, until the morning light.
(q) For he had no reason either to consider, or
to give thanks for this great benefit of deliverance.
25:37 But it came to pass in the morning, when
the wine was gone out of Nabal, and his wife had told him these things, that his
heart died within him, and he became [as] r
(r) For fear of the great danger.
25:39 And when
David heard that Nabal was dead, he said, Blessed [be] the LORD, that hath
pleaded the cause of my reproach from the hand of Nabal, and hath kept his
servant from evil: for the LORD hath returned the wickedness of Nabal upon his
own head. And David sent and communed with Abigail, to s
take her to him to wife.
(s) For he had experienced her great godliness,
wisdom and humility.