15:1 Samuel also said unto Saul, The LORD sent me to anoint thee [to be] king over his people, over Israel: now therefore a hearken thou unto the voice of the words of the LORD.
(a) Because he has preferred you to this honour,
you are bound to obey him.
15:3 Now go and smite
Amalek, and utterly destroy all that they have, and spare them not; but b
slay both man and woman, infant and suckling, ox and sheep, camel and ass.
(b) That this might be an example of God's
vengeance against those who deal cruelly with his people.
And Saul said unto the c Kenites, Go,
depart, get you down from among the Amalekites, lest I destroy you with them:
for ye shewed d kindness to all the
children of Israel, when they came up out of Egypt. So the Kenites departed from
among the Amalekites.
(c) Which were the posterity of Jethro, Moses
father in law.
(d) For Jethro came to visit them, and gave them
good counsel, (Exodus
It e repenteth me that I have set up
Saul [to be] king: for he is turned back from following me, and hath not
performed my commandments. And it grieved Samuel; and he cried unto the LORD all
(e) God in his eternal counsel never changes or
repents, as in (1 Samuel
15:29), though he seems to us to repent when anything goes contrary to his
15:13 And Samuel came
to Saul: and Saul said unto him, Blessed [be] thou of the LORD: I have performed
the f commandment of the LORD.
(f) This is the nature of hypocrites to be
impudent against the truth, to condemn others, and justify themselves.
And Samuel said, When thou [wast] g
little in thine own sight, [wast] thou not [made] the head of the tribes of
Israel, and the LORD anointed thee king over Israel?
(g) Meaning, of base condition as in (1 Samuel
And Saul said unto Samuel, Yea, h I have
obeyed the voice of the LORD, and have gone the way which the LORD sent me, and
have brought Agag the king of Amalek, and have utterly destroyed the Amalekites.
(i) He stands most impudently in his own defence
both against God and his own conscience.
For i rebellion [is as] the sin of
witchcraft, and stubbornness [is as] iniquity and idolatry. Because thou hast
rejected the word of the LORD, he hath also rejected thee from [being] king.
(i) God hates nothing more than the disobedience
of his commandment, even though the intent seems good to man.
therefore, I pray thee, pardon my k sin,
and turn again with me, that I may worship the LORD.
(k) This was not true repentance, but deceit out
of fear for the loss of his kingdom.
And Samuel said unto him, The LORD hath rent the kingdom of Israel from thee
this day, and hath given it to a l
neighbour of thine, [that is] better than thou.
(l) That is, to David.
15:29 And also the m
Strength of Israel will not lie nor repent: for he [is] not a man, that he
(m) Meaning God, who maintains and prefers his
Then said Samuel, Bring ye hither to me Agag the king of the Amalekites. And
Agag came unto him delicately. And Agag said, Surely the n
bitterness of death is past.
(n) He expected nothing less than death, or as
some write, he passed not for death.
15:34 Then Samuel
went to o Ramah; and Saul went up to his
house to Gibeah of Saul.
(o) Where his house was.
15:35 And Samuel came no more to p
see Saul until the day of his death: nevertheless Samuel mourned for Saul: and
the LORD q repented that he had made
Saul king over Israel.
(p) Though Saul came where Samuel was, (1 Samuel
(q) As in (1 Samuel