12:1 And Samuel said unto all Israel, Behold, I have a hearkened unto your voice in all that ye said unto me, and have made a king over you.
(a) I have granted your petition.
12:2 And now, behold, the king walketh b
before you: and I am old and grayheaded; and, behold, my sons [are] with you:
and I have walked before you from my childhood unto this day.
(b) To govern you in peace and war.
12:3 Behold, here I [am]: witness against me
before the LORD, and before his anointed: c
whose ox have I taken? or whose ass have I taken? or whom have I defrauded? whom
have I oppressed? or of whose hand have I received [any] bribe to blind mine
eyes therewith? and I will restore it you.
(c) God would have this confession be a pattern
for all who have any charge or office.
12:5 And he said unto
them, The LORD [is] witness against you, and his d
anointed [is] witness this day, that ye have not found ought in my hand. And
they answered, [He is] witness.
(d) Your King, who is anointed by the commandment
of the Lord.
And when they forgat the LORD their God, he sold them into the hand of Sisera, e
captain of the host of Hazor, and into the hand of the Philistines, and into the
hand of the king of Moab, and they fought against them.
(e) Captain of Jabin's host, king of Hazor.
12:11 And the LORD
sent Jerubbaal, f and Bedan, and
Jephthah, and Samuel, and delivered you out of the hand of your enemies on every
side, and ye dwelled safe.
(f) That is Samson, (Judges
12:12 And when ye saw that Nahash the king of the
children of Ammon came against you, ye said unto me, g
Nay; but a king shall reign over us: when the LORD your God [was] your king.
(g) Leaving God to seek the help of man, (1 Samuel
12:14 If ye will fear
the LORD, and serve him, and obey his voice, and not rebel against the
commandment of the LORD, then shall both ye and also the king that reigneth over
you continue h following the LORD your
(h) You shall be preserved as they that follow
the Lord's will.
12:15 But if ye will not obey the voice of the
LORD, but rebel against the commandment of the LORD, then shall the hand of the
LORD be against you, as [it was] against your i
(i) Meaning, the governors.
12:17 [Is it] not
wheat harvest to day? I will call unto the LORD, and he shall send thunder and
rain; that ye may perceive and see that your wickedness [is] k
great, which ye have done in the sight of the LORD, in asking you a king.
(k) In that you have forsaken him, who has all
power in his hand, for a mortal man.
12:19 And all the
people said unto Samuel, Pray for thy servants unto the LORD thy God, that we
die not: for we have added unto l all
our sins [this] evil, to ask us a king.
(l) Not only at other times, but now chiefly.
12:20 And Samuel said unto the people, Fear
not: ye have done all this wickedness: m
yet turn not aside from following the LORD, but serve the LORD with all your
(m) He shows that there is no sin so great, but
it shall be forgiven, if the sinner turn again to God.
12:22 For the LORD
will not forsake his people for his great name's sake: because it hath pleased
the LORD to make you n his people.
(n) Of his free mercy, and not of your merits,
and therefore he will not forsake you.
12:24 Only fear the
LORD, and serve him in truth with all your o
heart: for consider how great [things] he hath done for you.
(o) Unfeignedly, and without hypocrisy.