1:1 Now it came to pass in the days when the judges ruled, that there was a famine in the a land. And a certain man of b Bethlehemjudah went to sojourn in the country of Moab, he, and his wife, and his two sons.
The Argument - This book is called Ruth, who is the main person spoken of in
this writing. In which also the state of the Church is set forth figuratively,
being subject to many afflictions and yet eventually God gives good and joyful
offspring, teaching us to abide with patience till God delivers us out of
troubles. In this also it is described how Jesus Christ, who according to the
flesh came from David, proceeded by Ruth, of whom the Lord Jesus promised to
come, nonetheless she was a Moabite of base condition, and a stranger to the
people of God; declaring to us by it that the Gentiles would be sanctified by
him, and joined with his people, and that there would be one sheepfold, and
one shepherd. It would appear that this account belongs to the time of the
(a) In the land of Canaan.
(b) In the tribe of Judah, which was also called
Bethlehem Ephrathat, because there was another city so called in the tribe of
1:4 And they
took them wives of the c women of Moab;
the name of the one [was] Orpah, and the name of the other Ruth: and they
dwelled there about ten years.
(c) By this wonderful providence of God Ruth
became one of God's household, of whom Christ came.
1:6 Then she arose with her
daughters in law, that she might return from the country of Moab: for she had
heard in the country of Moab how that the LORD had d
visited his people in giving them bread.
(d) By sending them plenty again.
1:9 The LORD
grant you that ye may find e rest, each
[of you] in the house of her husband. Then she kissed them; and they lifted up
their voice, and wept.
(e) By this it appears that Naomi by dwelling
among idolaters, had become cold to the true zeal of God, having more respect
for the comfort of the body than the comfort of the soul.
And they lifted up their voice, and wept again: and Orpah f
kissed her mother in law; but Ruth clave unto her.
(f) When she took leave and departed.
1:15 And she said, Behold, thy sister in law is gone
back unto her people, and unto her gods: g
return thou after thy sister in law.
(g) No persuasion can convince them to turn back
from God, if he has chosen them to be his.
So they two went until they came to Bethlehem. And it came to pass, when they
were come to Bethlehem, that all the city was h
moved about them, and they said, [Is] this Naomi?
(h) By which it appears that she was of a great
family of good reputation.
Naomi returned, and Ruth the Moabitess, her daughter in law, with her, which
returned out of the country of Moab: and they came to Bethlehem in the beginning
of i barley harvest.
(i) Which was in the month of Nisan, that is,
part March and part April.