7:1 And 1 after these things I saw four angels standing on the a four corners of the earth, holding the four winds of the earth, that the wind should not blow on the earth, nor on the sea, 2 nor on any tree.
(1) The second part of this section is a
preventing of danger, as we distinguished before in (Revelation
6:1) that is, of the caution of God ahead of time to provide for his,
after the example of the Israelites; (Exodus
8:23) the faithful are exempted from the plagues of this wicked world.
This section is a dialogue and bringing in for this whole chapter by occasion
of the prediction and argument of the sixth seal. For first harm is withheld
from the elect, (Revelation
7:1-9). Then thanks are given by the elect for that cause (Revelation
7:10-12). Lastly, the accomplishment of it is set forth to the end of the
chapter. The first verse is a transition, speaking of the angels who keep the
lesser parts from harm, until God commands. For, as in (Ezekiel
10:19), their faces and their wings reach up, continually waiting on and
watching the countenance of God for their direction and every one of them goes
into that part that is right before his face: wherever the Spirit goes, they
go, they do not step out of the way, not so much as a foot breadth from the
path commanded to them by God.
(a) On the four corners or coasts of the earth. (2)
That is, neither into the air, into which the trees grow.
7:2 3 And I
saw 4 another angel ascending from the
east, having the seal of the living God: and he cried with a loud voice to the
four angels, to whom it was given to hurt the earth and the sea,
(3) Now God provides against the danger of his
elect, by his commandment (Revelation
7:2,3), and by sign or figure, both for those of the nation of the Jews
and also for the Gentiles (Revelation
7:9). (4) Not only another, or differing
number from the common angels of God, but also in essence, office and
operation exceeding all angels: that is, Christ Jesus the eternal angel or
Word of God, and mediator of the covenant, see (Revelation
7:4 And I heard the number of
them which were sealed: [and there were] sealed 5
an hundred [and] forty [and] four thousand of all the tribes of the children of
(5) That is, of the Jews a number certain in
itself before God, and such as may be numbered of us: for which cause also the
same is here set down as certain. But of the elect who are Gentiles, the
number indeed is in itself certain with God, but of us not possibly to be
numbered, as God, (Genesis
15:5). This is spoken with respect, when a certain number is put for one
uncertain. Compare with (Revelation
7:7 Of the
tribe of Simeon [were] sealed twelve thousand. 6
Of the tribe of b Levi [were] sealed
twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Issachar [were] sealed twelve thousand.
(6) Here the tribe of Levi is listed with the
rest, because all the Israelites were equally made priests with them in Christ
by his priesthood (Romans
12:1; 1 Peter
Dan is not mentioned, because the Danites long before forsaking the worship of
God, were fallen away from the fellowship of God's people, to the part of
the Gentiles: which evil many ages before Jacob foresaw (Genesis
49:17) See Geneva,
and because of which no mention is made of this tribe in the book of
(b) He skipped Dan, and reckons Levi.
7:8 Of the tribe of Zabulon [were] sealed twelve
thousand. Of the tribe of c Joseph
[were] sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Benjamin [were] sealed twelve
(c) Of Ephraim, who was Joseph's other son, and
had the birthright given him, of which he is called Joseph.
7:9 After this I beheld, and, lo, a great multitude, 7
which no man could number, of all nations, and kindreds, and people, and
tongues, 8 stood before the throne, and
before the Lamb, clothed with white robes, and palms in their hands;
(7) See Revelation
7:4 (8) As priests, kings and glorious
conquerors by martyrdom: which is noted by the signs in this verse.
7:10 9 And
cried with a loud voice, saying, Salvation to our God which sitteth upon the
throne, and unto the Lamb.
(9) The praise of God, celebrated first by the
holy men, in this verse, then by the heavenly angels, in the two verses
And one of the elders answered, saying unto me, What are these which are arrayed
in white robes? and whence came they?
(10) A passage over to the explanation of the
vision, which the angel enquires of John to stir him up in this verse and John
in the form of speech, both acknowledges his own ignorance, attributing
knowledge to the angel, and also in a humble manner requests the explanation
of the vision.
7:14 And I said unto him, Sir, thou knowest. And he
said to me, 11 These are they which came
out of great tribulation, and have washed their robes, and made them white in
the blood of the Lamb.
(11) The explanation of the vision, in which the
angel tells first the acts of the saints, that is, their sufferings and work
of faith in Christ Jesus, in this verse. Secondly their glory: both present,
which consists in two things, that they minister to God, and that God protects
7:15) and to come, in their perfect deliverance from all annoyances (Revelation
7:16) and in participation of all good things which the memory of past
hurts shall never be able to diminish (Revelation
7:17). The cause efficient and which contains all these things is only
one, the Lamb of God, the Lord, the Mediator, and the Saviour Christ Jesus.
7:15 Therefore are they before the throne of God,
and serve him d day and night in his
temple: and he that sitteth on the throne shall dwell e
(d) He alludes to the Levites, who served day and
night, for there is no night in heaven.
(e) Or, upon them, referring to God's defence
and protection of those who are as safe, as men in the Lord's tents.