5:1 And 1 I saw in the 2 right hand of him that sat on the throne 3 a book written within and on the backside, sealed with seven seals.
(1) A passing to the second principal cause,
which is the Son of God, God and man, the mediator of all, as the eternal word
of God the Father, manifest in the flesh. This chapter has two parts: one that
prepares the way to the revelation, by rehearsal of the occasions that
occurred in the first four verses (Revelation
5:2-5). Another, the history of the revelation of Christ, from there to
the end of the chapter (Revelation
5:6-14). (2) That is, in the very right hand
of God. (3) Here are shown the occasions for
which the principal cause, and this revelation was also necessary: the same
are three, the first a present vision of the book of the counsels of God,
concerning the government of this whole world, which book is said to be laid
up with the Father as it were in his hand: but shut up and unknown to all
creature, in this verse. The second is a religious desire of the angels of God
to understand the mysteries of this book (1 Peter
5:2). The third is a lamentation of John and all the godly, moved by the
same desire (Revelation
5:4) when they saw that it was an impossible thing for any creature to do:
which is declared in (Revelation
And no man in heaven, nor in earth, neither under the earth, was able to open
the book, neither to look thereon.
(4) Thus neither of them that are in heaven, nor
of them who are in the earth. Now this counting of parts, is sufficient to the
denying of the whole; For of the creatures, one sort is in heaven, above the
earth: another in the earth, and another under the earth in the sea, as is
later declared in (Revelation
And one of the elders saith unto me, Weep not: behold, the 6
Lion of the tribe of Juda, the Root of David, hath prevailed to open the book,
and to loose the seven seals thereof.
(5) The second part of this chapter, in which is
set down the revelation of the Son, as was said before. This part contains
first a history of the way God prepared John to understand this revelation, in
this verse. Secondly, the revelation of the Son himself, to (Revelation
5:6,7). Thirdly, the events of this revelation in the rest of the chapter.
The manner now, is here described in two parts: one from outside him, by
speech, in this verse: another within, by opening the eyes of John (which
before were shut) that he might see, in the verse following. (6)
That is, most mighty and most approved Prince: according to the use of the
5:6 And I beheld, and, lo, 7
in the midst of the throne and of the four beasts, and in the midst of the
elders, stood a Lamb as it had been slain, having seven horns and seven eyes,
which are the seven Spirits of God sent forth into all the earth.
(7) The sum of this revelation: Christ the
mediator takes and opens the book (Revelation
5:6,7). Therefore this revelation describes the person of Christ. The
person is described this way: Christ the mediator between God, angels and men,
as the eternal word of God, and our redeemer: as the Lamb of God, standing as
slain and making intercession for us by the power and merit of his everlasting
sacrifice, is armed with the Spirit of God, that is, with the power and wisdom
of God effectually to the government of this whole world.
5:7 8 And he
came and took the book out of the right hand of him that sat upon the throne.
(8) The fact of Christ the Mediator: that he
comes to open it. That he opened it is first expressed (Revelation
5:8 9 And
when he had taken the book, the four beasts and four [and] twenty elders fell
down before the Lamb, having every one of them 10
harps, and golden vials full of odours, which are the a
prayers of saints.
(9) Now follows the end, the events of the
revelation previously spoken of: that all the holy angels and men sang to him:
both the chief (Revelation
5:9,10) and common order of angels (Revelation
5:11,12) and of all things created (Revelation
5:13) the princes of both sorts agreeing to it, (Revelation
(10) The symbols or signs of praise, sweet in
savour and acceptable to God;
(a) See (Revelation
5:9 And they sung a b
new 11 song, saying, 12
Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereof: for thou wast
slain, and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood out of every kindred, and
tongue, and people, and nation;
(b) No common song.
(11) That is, composed according to the present
matter, the Lamb having received the book as it were with his feet and opened
it with his horns, as it is said in the Song of Solomon
(12) The song of the nobles or princes standing
by the throne, consisting of a publication of the praise of Christ and a
confirmation of the same from his blessings, both which we have received from
him (as are the suffering of his death, our redemption upon the cross by his
blood, in this verse: and our communion with him in kingdom and priesthood
which long ago he has granted to us with himself and which we hereafter hope
to obtain, as our kingdom to come, in Christ, (Revelation
And I beheld, and I heard the voice of many angels round about the throne and
the beasts and the elders: 14 and the
number of them was c ten thousand times
ten thousand, and thousands of thousands;
(13) The consent of the common order of angels,
answering in melody to their princes that stood by the throne.
(14) A finite number, but almost infinite, as in
(c) This means a great number.
5:12 Saying with a loud voice, Worthy is the Lamb
that was slain to d receive power, and
riches, and wisdom, and strength, and honour, and glory, and blessing.
(d) To have all praise given to him, as to the
mightest and wisest
5:13 15 And
every creature which is in heaven, and on the earth, and under the earth, and
such as are in the sea, and all that are in them, heard I saying, Blessing, and
honour, and glory, and power, [be] unto him that sitteth upon the throne, and
unto the Lamb for ever and ever.
(15) The consent of all the common multitude of
5:14 16 And
the four beasts said, Amen. And the four [and] twenty elders fell down and
worshipped him that liveth for ever and ever.
(16) A confirmation of the praise given before,
from the consent of the nobles, expressed in word and signs, as once or twice