15:1 And 1 I saw another sign in heaven, great and marvellous, seven 2 angels having the seven last plagues; for in them is filled up the wrath of God.
(1) This is that other passage of the acts of
Christ, as I noted before See Geneva.
Now therefore is shown a singular work of the judgment of God belonging to the
overthrow of Antichrist and his forces, of which divine work the preparation
is described in this chapter: and the execution in the next. The preparation
is first set down generally and in type in this verse: and is after
particularly set forth in the rest of the chapter. (2)
Of which (Revelation
8:9) in sending forth the plagues of the world: for even these plagues do
for the most part agree with those.
15:2 3 And I
saw 4 as it were a sea of glass mingled
with fire: and 5 them that had gotten
the victory over the beast, and over his image, and over his mark, [and] over
the number of his name, 6 stand on the
sea of glass, having the harps of God.
(3) There are two parts of the narration: one,
the confession of the saints glorifying God, when they saw that preparation of
the judgments of God, to (Revelation
15:3,4), another the vocation, instruction, and confirmation of those
instruments which God has ordained for the execution of his judgments, in (Revelation
15:5-8). (4) This part of the vision alludes
to the sea or large vessel or brass, in which the priests washed themselves in
the entrance of the temple: for in the entrance of the heavenly temple (as it
is called) in (Revelation
15:5), is said to have been a sea of glass, most luminous and clear to the
commodity of choice mixed with fire, that is, as containing the treasury of
the judgments of God, which he brings forth and dispenses according to his own
pleasure: for out of the former, the priests were cleansed of old: and out of
this the ungodly are destroyed now in (Revelation
4:6). (5) That is, the godly martyrs of
Christ, who shall remain faithful even in miracles to that beast; see (Revelation
(6) Glorifying God, from the particular
observation of the weapons and instruments of God's wrath, floating in the
sea of glass.
15:3 And they sing 7
the song of Moses the a servant of God,
and the song of the Lamb, saying, 8
Great and marvellous [are] thy works, Lord God Almighty; just and true [are] thy
b ways, thou King of saints.
(7) That song of triumph, which is (Exodus
(a) So is Moses called for honour's sake, as it
is set forth in (Deuteronomy
34:10). (8) This song has two parts: one a
confession, both particular, in this verse, and general, in the beginning of
the next verse (Revelation
15:4), another, a narration of causes belonging to the confession, of
which one kind is eternal in itself, and most present to the godly, in that
God is both holy and alone God: another kind is future and to come, in that
the elect taken out of the Gentiles (that is, out of the wicked ones and
unbelieving: as in (Revelation
11:2) were to be brought to the same state of happiness, by the
magnificence of the judgment of God, in (Revelation
(b) Thy doings.
And after that I looked, and, behold, the temple of the tabernacle of the
testimony in heaven was opened:
(9) The second part of the narration (as was
noted in) See Geneva
in which first the authority of the whole argument and matter is figured by a
forerunning type of a temple opened in heaven, as in (Revelation
11:19) namely that all those things are divine and of God, that proceed
from thence in this verse. Secondly, the administers or executors, come out of
the Temple in (Revelation
15:6). Thirdly, they are furnished with instruments of the judgments of
God, and weapons fit for the manner of the same judgments; (Revelation
15:7). Finally, they are confirmed by testimony of the visible glory of
God, in (Revelation
15:8). A similar testimony to which was exhibited of old in the law; (Exodus
15:6 And the seven angels came out of the temple,
having the 10 seven plagues, clothed in 11
pure and white linen, and having their breasts 12
girded with golden girdles.
(10) That is, commandments to inflict those seven
plagues, by way of metonymy.
(11) Which was in old time a sign of the kingly
or princely dignity.
(12) This girding was a sign of diligence, and
the girdle of gold was a sign of sincerity and trustworthiness in taking in
charge the commandments of God.
15:7 And one of the 13
four beasts gave unto the seven angels seven golden vials full of the wrath of
God, who liveth for ever and ever.
(13) Of these before (Revelation
15:8 And the temple was filled with smoke from the
glory of God, and from his power; 14 and
no man was able to enter into the temple, till the seven plagues of the seven
angels were fulfilled.
(14) None of those seven angels could return,
till he had performed fully the charge committed to him, according to the
decree of God.