10:1 Now 1 I Paul myself beseech you by the meekness and a gentleness of Christ, who in presence [am] base among you, but being absent am bold toward you:
(1) He returns to the defence of his apostleship,
but in such a way that he uses his authority in his defence: for he warns them
earnestly and gravely, using also terrible threatenings, to show themselves to
be those who are able to be instructed. And he reviles certain proud men who
made no better account of him, than of a bragging proud man, in that he used
to be sharp against them when he was absent, because they saw no great majesty
in him after the manner of men; and besides, he had proved his gentleness,
even though in his absence he had written to them sharply. Therefore first of
all he professes that he was gentle and moderate, but after the example of
Christ: but if they continue still to despise his gentleness, he protests to
them that he will show indeed how far they are deceived, who judge the office
of an apostle in the same way that they judge worldly offices, that is,
according to the outward appearance.
(a) That nature which is inclined to mercy,
rather than to rigor of justice.
10:2 But I beseech [you], that I may not be bold
when I am present with that confidence, wherewith I think to be bold against
some, which think of us as if we walked b
according to the flesh.
(b) As though I had no other aid and help than
that which outwardly I seem to have: and therefore Paul contrasts his flesh,
that is, his weak condition and state, with his spiritual and apostolic
For though we walk in the flesh, we do not war after the flesh:
(2) Secondly, he witnesses that although he is
similar to other men, yet he comes furnished with that strength which no
defence of man can match, whether they resist by craft and deceit, or by force
and might, because he battles with divine weapons.
10:4 (For the weapons of our warfare [are] not c
carnal, but mighty through d God to the
pulling down of strong holds;)
(c) Are not those weapons that men get authority
over one another with, and do great acts.
(d) Stand upon the foundation of God's infinite
10:5 Casting down imaginations, and every high
thing that exalteth itself against the knowledge of God, 3
and bringing into captivity every thought to the obedience of Christ;
(3) An amplification of this spiritual power,
which conquers the enemies in such a way, be they ever so crafty and mighty,
that it brings some of them by repentance to Christ, and justly avenges others
that are stubbornly obstinate, separating them from the others who allow
themselves to be ruled.
Do ye look on things after the e outward
appearance? If any man trust to himself that he is Christ's, let him of f
himself think this again, that, as he [is] Christ's, even so [are] we
(4) He emphasises the same matter with very
weighty words and sentences.
(e) Do you judge things according to the outward
(f) Not being told about it by me.
For [his] letters, say g they, [are]
weighty and powerful; but [his] bodily presence [is] weak, and [his] speech
(g) He notes out those who were the cause of
For we h dare not make ourselves of the
number, or compare ourselves with some that commend themselves: but they
measuring themselves by i themselves,
and k comparing themselves among
themselves, are not wise.
(5) Being forced to refute the foolish braggings
of certain ambitious men, he witnesses that they are able to bring nothing,
but that they falsely think highly of themselves. And as for himself, although
he brags of excellent things, yet he will not pass the bounds which God has
measured him out. And according to these bounds he came even to them in
preaching the Gospel of Christ, and trusts that he will go further, when they
have so profited that he will not need to remain any longer among them to
instruct them. And to this is added an amplification, in that he never
followed the labours of other men.
(h) This is spoken in a taunting manner.
(i) Upon a vain persuasion that they have of
themselves, they attribute to themselves anything at all.
(k) They condemn others, and measure all their
doings only by themselves.
10:13 But we will not boast of things without
[our] l measure, but according to the
measure of the rule which God hath distributed to us, a measure to reach even
(l) Of those things which God has not measured to
10:15 Not boasting
of things m without [our] measure, [that
is], of other men's labours; but having hope, when your faith is increased,
that we shall be enlarged by you according to our rule abundantly,
(m) As though God had divided the whole world
among the apostles to be governed.
10:16 To preach the gospel in the [regions]
beyond you, [and] not to boast in n
another man's line of things made ready to our hand.
(n) In countries which other men have prepared
and cultivated with the preaching of the Gospel.
But he that glorieth, let him glory in the Lord.
(6) He somewhat moderates that which he spoke of
himself, and in so doing also prepares the Corinthians to hear other things,
witnessing that he seeks nothing else but to approve himself to God, whose
glory alone he seeks.