2:1 And 1 I, brethren, when I came to you, came not with excellency of speech or of wisdom, declaring unto you the a testimony of God.
(1) He returns to (1 Corinthians
1:17), that is to say, to his own example: confessing that he did not use
among them either excellency of words or enticing speech of man's wisdom,
but with great simplicity of speech both knew and preached Jesus Christ
crucified, humbled and abject, with regard to the flesh.
(a) The Gospel.
2:2 For I b
determined not to know any thing among you, save Jesus Christ, and him
(b) I did not profess any knowledge but the
knowledge of Christ and him crucified.
2:3 And I was with you in c
weakness, and in fear, and in much trembling.
(c) He contrasts weakness with excellency of
words, and therefore joins with it fear and trembling, which are companions of
true modesty, not such fear and trembling as terrify the conscience, but such
as are contrary to vanity and pride.
2:4 And my speech and my preaching [was] not
with enticing words of man's wisdom, 2
but in d demonstration of the Spirit and
(2) He turns now to the commendation of his
ministry, which he had granted to his adversaries: for his strength and power,
which they knew well enough, was so much the more excellent because it had no
worldly help behind it.
(d) By "demonstration" he means such a
proof as is made by reasons both certain and necessary.
That your faith should not stand in the wisdom of men, but in the power of God.
(3) And he tells the Corinthians that he did it
for their great profit, because they might by this know manifestly that the
Gospel was from heaven. Therefore he privately rebukes them, because in vainly
seeking to be noticed, they willingly deprived themselves of the greatest help
of their faith.
Howbeit we speak wisdom among them that are e
perfect: yet not the wisdom of this world, nor of the f
princes of this world, that come to nought:
(4) Another argument taken from the nature of the
thing, that is, of the Gospel, which is true wisdom, but known only to those
who are desirous of perfection: and it is unsavoury to those who otherwise
excel in the world, but yet vainly and frailly.
(e) They are called perfect here, not who had
already gotten perfection, but those who are striving for it, as in (Philippians
3:15): so that perfect is contrasted with weak.
(f) Those that are wiser, richer, or mightier than
other men are.
2:7 5 But we
speak the wisdom of God in a g mystery,
[even] the hidden [wisdom], 6 which God
ordained before the world unto our glory:
(5) He shows the reason why this wisdom cannot be
perceived by those excellent worldly intellects: that is, because it is indeed
so deep that they cannot attain to it.
(g) Which men could not so much as dream of. (6)
He takes away an objection: if it is so hard, when and how is it known? God,
he says, determined with himself from the beginning, that which his purpose
was to bring forth at this time out of his secrets, for the salvation of men.
Which none of the princes of this world knew: for had they known [it], they
would not have crucified the h Lord of
(7) He takes away another objection: why then,
how comes it to pass that this wisdom was so rejected by men of the highest
authority, that they crucified Christ himself? Paul answers: because they did
not know Christ such as he was.
(h) That mighty God, full of true majesty and
glory: now this place has in it a most evident proof of the divinity of
Christ, and of the joining of the two natures in one in him, which has this in
it, that which is proper to the manhood alone is confirmed of the Godhead
joined with the manhood. This type of speech is called, by the old fathers, a
making common of things belonging to someone with another to whom they do not
But as it is written, Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither have entered
into the i heart of man, the things
which God hath prepared for them that love him.
(8) Another objection: but how could it be that
those intelligent men could not perceive this wisdom? Paul answers: because we
preach those things which surpass all man's understanding.
(i) Man cannot so much as think of them, much
less conceive them with his senses.
But God hath revealed [them] unto us by his Spirit: for the Spirit k
searcheth all things, yea, the deep things of God.
(9) A question: if it surpasses the capacity of
men, how can it be understood by any man, or how can you declare and preach
it? By a special enlightening of God's Spirit, with which whoever is
inspired, he can enter even into the very secrets of God.
(k) There is nothing so secret and hidden in God,
but the Spirit of God penetrates it.
For what man knoweth the things of a man, save the l
spirit of man which is in him? even so the things of God knoweth no man, but the
Spirit of God.
(10) He sets it forth in comparison, which he
spoke by the inspiration of the Sprit. As the power of man's intellect
searches out things pertaining to man, so does our mind by the power of the
Holy Spirit understand heavenly things.
(l) The mind of man which is endued with the
ability to understand and judge.
2:12 Now we have received, not the m
spirit of the world, but the spirit which is of God; 11
that we might n know the things that are
freely given to us of God.
(m) The Spirit which we have received does not
teach us things of this world, but lifts us up to God, and this verse teaches
us the opposite of what the papists teach: what faith is, from where it comes,
and from what power it originates.
(11) That which he spoke generally, he confines
now to those things which God has opened to us of our salvation in Christ: so
that no man should separate the Spirit from the preaching of the word and
Christ: or should think that those fanciful men are governed by the Spirit of
God, who wandering besides the word, thrust upon us their vain imaginations
for the secrets of God.
(n) This word "know" is taken here in
its proper sense for true knowledge, which the Spirit of God works in us.
Which things also we speak, not in the words which man's wisdom teacheth, but
which the Holy Ghost teacheth; o
comparing spiritual things with spiritual.
(12) Now he returns to his purpose, and concludes
the argument which he began in verse six (1 Corinthians
2:6), and it is this: the words must be applied to the matter, and the
matter must be set forth with words which are proper and appropriate for it: now
this wisdom is spiritual and not from man, and therefore it must be delivered by
a spiritual type of teaching, and not by enticing words of man's eloquence, so
that the simple, and yet wonderful majesty of the Holy Spirit may appear in it.
(o) Applying the words to the matter, that is, that
as we teach spiritual things, so must our type of teaching be spiritual.
2:14 13 But
the p natural man receiveth not the
things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he
know [them], because they are q
(13) Again he anticipates an offence or stumbling
block: how does it come to pass that so few allow these things? This is not to
be marvelled at, the apostle says, seeing that men in their natural powers (as
they call them) are not endued with that faculty by which spiritual things are
discerned (which faculty comes another way) and therefore they consider
spiritual wisdom as folly: and it is as if he should say, "It is no
marvel that blind men cannot judge of colours, seeing that they lack the light
of their eyes, and therefore light is to them as darkness."
(p) The man that has no further light of
understanding, than that which he brought with him, even from his mother's
womb, as Jude defines it; (Jude
(q) By the power of the Holy Spirit.
2:15 14 But
he that is spiritual r judgeth all
things, yet 15 he himself is judged of s
(14) He amplifies the matter by opposites.
(r) Understands and discerns.
(15) The wisdom of the flesh, Paul says,
determines nothing certainly, no not in its own affairs, much less can it
discern strange, that is, spiritual things. But the Spirit of God, with which
spiritual men are endued, can by no means be deceived, and therefore be
reproved by any man.
(s) Of no man: for when the prophets are judged
of the prophets, it is the Spirit that judges, and not the man.
For who hath known the mind of the Lord, that he may t
instruct him? But we have u the mind of
(16) A reason from the former saying: for he is
called spiritual, who has learned that by the power of the Spirit, which
Christ has taught us. Now if that which we have learned from that Master could
be reproved by any man, he must be wiser than God: whereupon it follows that
they are not only foolish, but also wicked, who think that they can devise
something that is either more perfect, or that they can teach the wisdom of
God a better way than those knew or taught who were undoubtedly endued with
(t) Lay his head to his, and teach him what he
(u) We are endued with the Spirit of Christ, who
opens to us those secrets which by all other means are unsearchable, and also
any truth at all.