3:1 Now 1 in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judaea, and Herod being tetrarch of Galilee, and his brother Philip tetrarch of Ituraea and of the region of Trachonitis, and Lysanias the tetrarch of Abilene,
(1) John comes at the time foretold by the
prophets and lays the foundation of the gospel which is exhibited unto us,
setting forth the true observing of the law and free mercy in Christ, which
comes after John, using also baptism which is the outward sign both of
regeneration and also forgiveness of sins.
3:2 a Annas
and Caiaphas being the high priests, the word of God came unto John the son of
Zacharias in the wilderness.
(a) Josephus calls him Ananus.
And he said unto them, Exact no more than that which is b
(b) Require no more than that sum that is
appointed for the tribute money.
3:14 And the soldiers likewise demanded of him,
saying, And what shall we do? And he said unto them, Do violence to no man,
neither accuse [any] falsely; and be content with your c
(c) Which was paid to them partly in money and
partly in food.
3:15 2 And
as the people were in expectation, and all men mused in their hearts of John,
whether he were the Christ, or not;
(2) If we would rightly and fruitfully receive
the sacraments, we must neither rest in the signs, neither in him that
ministers the signs, but lift up our eyes to Christ, who is the author of the
sacraments, and the giver of that which is represented by the sacraments.
Whose fan [is] in his hand, and he will throughly purge his floor, and will
gather the wheat into his garner; but the chaff he will burn with fire
(3) The gospel is the fan of the world.
But Herod the tetrarch, being reproved by him for Herodias his brother
Philip's wife, and for all the evils which Herod had done,
(4) John's preaching is confirmed with his
Now when all the people were baptized, it came to pass, that Jesus also being
baptized, and praying, the heaven was opened,
(5) Our baptism is sanctified in the head of the
Church, and Christ also by the voice of the Father is pronounced to be our
everlasting King, Priest, and Prophet.
And Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed)
the son of Joseph, which was [the son] of Heli,
(6) Christ's lineage, according to the flesh,
is traced back even to Adam, and so to God, that it might appear that it was
only he whom God promised to Abraham and David, and appointed from everlasting
to his Church, which is composed of all sorts of men.