1:2 1 As it is written in the a prophets, Behold, b I send my messenger c before thy face, which shall prepare thy way before thee.
(1) John goes before Christ as it was foretold by
(a) This is the figure of speech called metonymy,
by which is meant the books of the prophets Malachi and Isaiah.
(b) The prophet uses the present tense when he
speaks of a thing to come, as he is as sure of it as if he had already seen
(c) A metaphor taken from the practice of kings,
who used to have ushers go before them.
John did baptize in the wilderness, and preach the d
baptism of repentance for the remission of sins.
(2) The sum of John's doctrine, or rather
Christ's, is remission of sins and amendment of life.
(d) The Jews used many kinds of washings: but
here a peculiar kind of washing is spoken of, which contains within it true
baptism, amendment of life, and forgiveness of sins.
And preached, saying, There cometh one mightier than I after me, the latchet of
whose shoes I am not worthy to e stoop
down and unloose.
(3) John and all ministers cast their eyes upon
Christ the Lord.
(e) The evangelist is expressing here the
condition of the basest servant.
1:8 I indeed have f
baptized you with water: but he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost.
(f) He shows that all the power of baptism
proceeds from Christ, who baptizes the inner man.
1:9 4 And it
came to pass in those days, that Jesus came from Nazareth of Galilee, and was
baptized of John in Jordan.
(4) Christ consecrates our baptism in himself.
1:10 5 And
straightway g coming up out of the
water, he saw the heavens opened, and the Spirit like a dove descending upon
(5) The vocation of Christ from heaven, as head
of the Church.
(g) John, who went down into the water with
1:11 And there came a voice from heaven, [saying],
Thou art my beloved Son, in whom I am h
(h) See Matthew
1:12 6 And
immediately the Spirit i driveth him
into the wilderness.
(6) Christ being tempted overcomes.
(i) "Driveth" here does not refer to
something violent and forcible: but the divine power clothes Christ (who had
lived until this time as a private man) with a new person, and prepares him
for the battle that was at hand, and for his ministry.
Now after that John was put in prison, Jesus came into Galilee, preaching the
gospel of the kingdom of God,
(7) After John is taken Christ shows himself more
Now as he walked by the sea of Galilee, he saw Simon and Andrew his brother
casting a net into the sea: for they were fishers.
(8) The calling of Simon and Andrew.
And when he had gone a little further thence, he saw James the [son] of Zebedee,
and John his brother, who also were in the ship mending their nets.
(9) The calling of James and John.
1:21 And they went into k
Capernaum; and straightway on the sabbath day he entered into the synagogue, and
(k) From the city of Nazareth.
And there was in their synagogue a man l
with an unclean spirit; and he cried out,
(10) He preaches that doctrine by which alone
Satan is driven out of the world, which he also confirms by a miracle.
(l) Literally, "a man in an unclean
spirit", that is to say, possessed with an evil spirit.
1:24 Saying, Let [us] alone; what have we to do with
thee, thou m Jesus of Nazareth? art thou
come to destroy us? I know thee who thou art, the n
Holy One of God.
(m) He was born in Bethlehem, but through the
error of the people he was called a Nazarene, because he was brought up in
(n) He alludes to the name that was written in
the golden plate which the high Priest wore; (Exodus
1:26 And when the unclean
spirit o had torn him, and cried with a
loud voice, he came out of him.
(o) See below, (Mark
1:27 And they were all amazed, insomuch that they
questioned p among themselves, saying,
What thing is this? what new doctrine [is] this? for with authority q
commandeth he even the unclean spirits, and they do obey him.
(p) As men who were amazed.
(q) By his own authority, or as a lord.
1:28 And immediately his fame spread abroad
throughout all the region r round about
(r) Not only into Galilee, but also into the
countries bordering upon it.
1:29 11 And
forthwith, when they were come out of the synagogue, they entered into the house
of Simon and Andrew, with James and John.
(11) By healing different diseases he shows that
he has brought true life into the world.
And he healed many that were sick of divers diseases, and cast out many devils;
and f suffered not the devils to speak,
because they knew him.
(s) For it is not proper for the demons to preach
the gospel; (Acts
And he said unto them, Let us go into the t
next towns, that I may preach there also: for therefore came I forth.
(t) Villages which were like cities.
And there came a leper to him, beseeching him, and kneeling down to him, and
saying unto him, If thou wilt, thou canst make me clean.
(12) By healing the leprous he shows that he came
for this reason: to wipe out the sins of the world with his touch.
13 And saith unto him, See thou say
nothing to any man: but go thy way, shew thyself to the u
priest, and offer for thy cleansing those things which Moses commanded, for a
testimony unto them.
(13) He shows that he was not motivated by
ambition, but only by the desire for his Father's glory, and by his love
towards poor sinners.
(u) All the posterity of Aaron had the authority
to judge a leper.