27:3 1 Then Judas, which had betrayed him, when he saw that he was condemned, repented himself, and brought again the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and elders,
(1) An example of the horrible judgment of God
upon those who sell Christ as opposed to those who buy Christ.
27:5 And he cast down the
pieces of silver in the temple, and a
departed, and went and hanged himself.
(a) Out of the sight of men.
27:6 And the chief priests took the silver pieces,
and said, It is not lawful for to put them into the b
treasury, because it is the price c of
(b) The treasury of the temple.
(c) Of life and death.
27:7 And they took counsel, and bought with them the
potter's field, to bury d strangers
(d) Strangers and guests, whom the Jews could not
endure to be joined with even after they were dead.
27:9 Then was fulfilled that
which was spoken by e Jeremy the
prophet, saying, f And they took the
thirty pieces of silver, the price of him that was valued, whom they of the
children of Israel did value;
(e) As this prophecy is found in (Zechariah
11:12) it cannot be denied that Jeremy's name slipped into the text
either through the fault of the Scribe, or by someone else's ignorance: it
may also be that it came out of the margin by means of the abbreviation on one
of the letters, the one being "yod" and the other being "zayin",
which are very similar: But in the Syrian text the Prophet's name is not
written down at all.
(f) The evangelist does not follow the
prophet's words, but instead he follows the prophet's meaning, which he
shows to have been fulfilled.
And Jesus stood before the governor: and the governor asked him, saying, Art
thou the King of the Jews? And Jesus said unto him, Thou sayest.
(2) Christ holds his peace when he is accused in
order that we may not be accused: acknowledging our guiltiness, and at the
same time his own innocence.
3 Now at [that] feast the governor was
wont to release unto the people a prisoner, whom they would.
(3) Christ is first acquitted by the same judge
who condemns him, that we might see how the just dies for the unjust.
4 When Pilate saw that he could prevail
nothing, but [that] rather a tumult was made, he took water, and g
washed [his] hands before the multitude, saying, I am innocent of the h
blood of this just person: see ye [to it].
(4) Christ being acquitted by the testimony of
the judge himself is nonetheless condemned by him, in order to acquit us
(g) It was a custom in ancient times that when
any man was murdered, or there were other slaughters, to wash their hands in
water to declare themselves guiltless.
(h) Of the murder; a Hebrew idiom.
27:25 Then answered all the people, and said, i
His blood [be] on us, and on our children.
(i) If there is any offence committed in slaying
him, let us and our posterity suffer for it.
And they stripped him, and k put on him
a l scarlet robe.
(5) Christ endures that reproach which was due to
our sins; meanwhile, in spite of this, by the secret providence of God he is
entitled king by those who did him that reproach.
(k) They threw a cloak about him and wrapped it
around him, for it did not have any sleeves.
(l) John and Mark also mention a purple robe,
which is also a very pleasant red. But these profane and impudently
disrespectful soldiers clad Jesus in this array to make an additional mockery
of him, this one who was indeed a true King.
And as they came out, they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name: him they m
compelled to bear his cross.
(m) They compelled Simon to bear his burdensome
cross, by which it appears that Jesus was so poorly handled before that he
fainted along the way, and was not able to bear his cross the whole distance:
for John writes that he did bear the cross, that is, at the beginning.
27:33 6 And
when they were come unto a place called Golgotha, that is to say, a place of a
(6) He is led out of the city so that we might be
brought into the heavenly kingdom.
They gave him vinegar to drink mingled with gall: and when he had tasted
[thereof], he would not drink.
(7) Christ found no comfort anywhere, that in him
we might be filled with comfort.
27:35 8 And
they crucified him, and parted his garments, casting lots: that it might be
fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, They parted my garments among them,
and upon my vesture did they cast lots.
(8) He is made a curse, so that in him we may be
blessed: his garments are taken from him so that we might be enriched by his
And set up over his head his accusation written, THIS IS JESUS THE KING OF THE
(9) He is pronounced the true Messiah, even by
those who reject him.
Then were there two thieves crucified with him, one on the right hand, and
another on the left.
(10) Christ then began to judge the world, when
after his judgment he hung between two thieves.
And they that passed by reviled him, wagging their heads,
(11) To make full satisfaction for us, Christ
suffered and overcame not only the torments of the body, but also the most
horrible torments of the mind.
The n thieves also, which were crucified
with him, cast the same in his teeth.
(n) This is spoken using the figure of speech
called synecdoche, for only one of the thieves reviled him.
Now from the sixth hour there was darkness over all the land unto the ninth
(12) Heaven itself is darkened for very horror,
and Jesus cries out from the depth of hell, and all during this time he is
27:46 And about the ninth hour Jesus cried with a
loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? that is to say, My God, my God,
why hast thou o forsaken me?
(o) That is, in this misery: And this crying out
is a natural part of his humanity, which, even though it was void of sin,
still felt the wrath of God, the wrath which is due to our sins.
27:47 Some of them that stood there, when they
heard [that], said, This [man] calleth for p
(p) They allude to Elias' name, not because
they did not understand what he said, but because of a profane impudence and
disrespect, and he repeated those words so that this repetition of the name
might be understood.
Jesus, when he had cried again with a loud voice, yielded up the ghost.
(13) Christ, after he had overcome other enemies,
at length provokes and attacks death itself.
And, behold, the q veil of the temple
was rent in twain from the top to the bottom; and the earth did quake, and the
(14) Christ, when he is dead, shows himself to be
God Almighty, and even his enemies confess the same.
(q) Which separated the holiest of all.
27:52 And the r
graves were opened; and many bodies of the saints which slept arose,
(r) That is to say, the stones broke apart, and
the graves opened themselves to show by this act that death was overcome: and
the resurrection of the dead followed the resurrection of Christ, as the next
verse indicates (Matthew
15 When the even was come, there came a
rich man of Arimathaea, named Joseph, who also himself was Jesus' disciple:
(15) Christ is buried, not privately or by
stealth, but with the governor's consent, by a famous man, in a place not
far distant, in a new tomb, so that his death cannot be doubted.
16 Now the next day, that followed the
day of the preparation, the chief priests and Pharisees came together unto
(16) The keeping of the tomb is committed to
Christ's own murderers, so that there might be no doubt of his resurrection.
Pilate said unto them, Ye have a f
watch: go your way, make [it] as sure as ye can.
(f) The soldiers of the garrison who were
appointed to guard the temple.