15:1 1 Then came to Jesus scribes and Pharisees, which were of Jerusalem, saying,
(1) None commonly are more bold condemners of
God, then they whom God has appointed keepers of his law.
15:2 Why do thy disciples transgress the tradition
of the elders? for they a wash not their
hands when they eat bread.
(a) Which they received handed down from their
ancestors, or their elders allowed, who were the governors of the Church.
15:3 2 But
he answered and said unto them, Why do ye also transgress the commandment of God
by your tradition?
(2) Their wicked boldness in corrupting the
commandments of God (and that upon the pretence of godliness) and usurping
authority to make laws, is reproved here.
15:4 For God commanded, saying, b
Honour thy father and mother: and, He that curseth father or mother, let him die
(b) By honour is meant every duty which children
owe to their parents.
15:5 But ye say, c
Whosoever shall say to [his] father or [his] mother, [It is] a gift, by
whatsoever thou mightest be profited by me;
(c) The meaning is this: whatever I bestow upon
the temple, is to your profit, for it is as good as if I gave it to you, for
(as the Pharisees of our time say) it will be meritorious for you: for under
this form of religion, they gathered all to themselves, as though he that had
given anything to the temple, had done the duty of a child.
15:6 And honour not his father or his mother, [he
shall be free]. Thus have ye made the commandment of God of none d
effect by your tradition.
(d) As much as you could, you destroyed the power
and authority of the commandment: for otherwise the commandments of God stand
fast in the Church of God, in spite of the world and Satan.
15:7 3 [Ye]
hypocrites, well did Esaias prophesy of you, saying,
(3) The same men are condemned for hypocrisy and
superstition, because they made the kingdom of God to consist of outward
And he called the multitude, and said unto them, Hear, and understand:
(4) Christ teaches us that the hypocrisy of false
teachers who deceive our souls is not to be endured at all, not even in small
matters, and there is no reason why their office or position should blind our
eyes: otherwise we are likely to perish with them.
Then Jesus went thence, and departed into the e
coasts of Tyre and Sidon.
(e) Coasts which were next to Tyre and Sidon,
that is in that region where Palestine faces toward Venice, and the sea of
15:22 And, behold, a woman of f
Canaan came out of the same coasts, and cried unto him, saying, Have mercy on
me, O Lord, [thou] Son of David; my daughter is grievously vexed with a devil.
(f) Of the people of the Canaanites, who dwelt in
15:23 5 But
he answered her not a word. And his disciples came and besought him, saying,
Send her away; for she crieth after us.
(5) In that Christ sometimes shuts his ears, as
it were, to the prayers of his saints, he does it for his glory, and our
15:24 But he answered and said, I am not sent but
unto the lost sheep of the g house of
(g) Of the people of Israel, who were divided
into tribes, but all those tribes came from one family.
6 And Jesus departed from thence, and
came nigh unto the sea of Galilee; and went up into a mountain, and sat down
(6) Christ does not cease to be beneficial even
where he is condemned, and in the midst of wolves he gathers together and
cares for his flock.
15:30 And great multitudes came unto him, having
with them [those that were] lame, blind, dumb, h
maimed, and many others, and cast them down at Jesus' feet; and he healed
(h) Whose members were weakened with paralysis,
or by nature, for after it is said that he healed them. Now Christ preferred
to heal in this way, that such members as were weak, he restored to health,
and yet he could easily, if he had wanted, have given them hands and feet and
other members which they lacked.
Then Jesus called his disciples [unto him], and said, I have compassion on the
multitude, because they i continue with
me now three days, and have nothing to eat: and I will not send them away
fasting, lest they faint in the way.
(7) By doing this miracle again, Christ shows
that he who follows Christ will never be in need, not even in the wilderness.
(i) Go not from my side.
And he commanded the multitude to k sit
down on the ground.
(k) Literally, "to lie down backwards",
as rowers do in rowing, when they draw their oars to themselves.
15:37 And they did all eat,
and were filled: and they took up of the broken [meat] that was left seven l
(l) A kind of container made with twigs.