20:1 Then came the children of Israel, [even] the whole congregation, into the desert of Zin in the first a month: and the people abode in Kadesh; and b Miriam died there, and was buried there.
(a) This was forty years after their departure
(b) Moses and Aaron's sister.
20:2 And there was no water for the congregation:
and they c gathered themselves together
against Moses and against Aaron.
(c) Another rebellion was in Rephidim (Exodus
17:1-16), and this was in Kadesh.
Take the d rod, and gather thou the
assembly together, thou, and Aaron thy brother, and speak ye unto the rock
before their eyes; and it shall give forth his water, and thou shalt bring forth
to them water out of the rock: so thou shalt give the congregation and their
(d) With which you did miracles in Egypt and
divided the sea.
20:10 And Moses and Aaron
gathered the congregation together before the rock, and he said unto them, Hear
now, ye rebels; e must we fetch you
water out of this rock?
(e) The punishment which followed declared that
Moses and Aaron did not believe the Lord's promise as it appeared in (Numbers
20:12 And the LORD spake unto
Moses and Aaron, Because ye believed me not, to f
sanctify me in the eyes of the children of Israel, therefore ye shall not bring
this congregation into the land which I have given them.
(f) That the children of Israel should believe
and acknowledge my power and so honour me.
20:13 This [is] the water of Meribah; because the
children of Israel strove with the LORD, and he h
was sanctified in them.
(h) By showing himself almighty and maintaining
20:14 And Moses sent messengers from Kadesh unto
the king of i Edom, Thus saith thy
brother Israel, Thou knowest all the travail that hath befallen us:
(i) Because Jacob or Israel was Esau's brother,
who was called Edom.
Thus Edom refused to give Israel passage through his border: wherefore Israel k
turned away from him.
(k) To pass by another way.
Aaron shall be l gathered unto his
people: for he shall not enter into the land which I have given unto the
children of Israel, because ye rebelled against my word at the water of Meribah.
(l) Read (Genesis