9:1 The burden of the word of the LORD in the land of a Hadrach, and Damascus [shall be] the b rest of it: when the c eyes of man, as of all the tribes of Israel, [shall be] toward the LORD.
(a) By which he means Syria.
(b) God's anger will remain upon their chief
city, and not spare even as much as that.
(c) When the Jews will convert and repent, then
God will destroy their enemies.
9:2 And Hamath also shall border d
by it; Tyre, and Zidon, though it be e
(d) That is, by Damascus: meaning, that Harnath
or Antiochia would be under the same rod and plague.
(e) He secretly shows the cause of their
destruction, because they deceived all others by their craft and subtilty,
which they cloaked with this name of wisdom.
9:4 Behold, the LORD will cast
her out, and he will smite her f power
in the sea; and she shall be devoured with fire.
(f) Though those of Tyre think themselves
invincible by reason of the sea that surrounds them, yet they will not escape
9:6 And a g
bastard shall dwell in Ashdod, and I will cut off the pride of the Philistines.
(g) Meaning, that all would be destroyed, save a
very few, that would remain as strangers.
9:7 And I will take away his blood out of his mouth,
and his abominations from between his h
teeth: but he that remaineth, even he, [shall be] for our God, and he shall be
as a governor in Judah, and i Ekron as a
(h) He promises to deliver the Jews when he will
take vengeance on their enemies for their cruelty, and the wrongs they did to
(i) As the Jebusites had been destroyed, so would
Ekron and all the Philistines.
9:8 And I will encamp about k
my house because of the army, because of him that passeth by, and because of him
that returneth: and no oppressor shall pass through them any more: for now l
have I seen with my eyes.
(k) He shows that God's power alone will be
sufficient to defend his Church against all adversaries, be they ever so
cruel, or assert their power ever so often.
(l) That is, God has now seen the great injuries
and afflictions with which they have been afflicted by their enemies.
9:9 Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, O
daughter of Jerusalem: behold, thy King cometh to thee: m
he [is] just, and having salvation; lowly, and riding upon a n
donkey, and upon a colt the foal of a donkey.
(m) That is, he has righteousness and salvation
in himself for the use and benefit of his Church.
(n) Which declares that they should not look for
such a king as would be glorious in the eyes of man, but should be poor, and
yet in himself have all power to deliver his own: and this is meant of Christ,
as in (Matthew
9:10 And I will cut off the o
chariot from Ephraim, and the horse from Jerusalem, and the battle bow shall be
cut off: and he shall speak peace to the nations: and his dominion [shall be]
from p sea to sea, and from the q
river to the ends of the earth.
(o) No power of man or creature will be able to
stop this kingdom of Christ, and he will peaceably govern them by his word.
(p) That is, from the Red Sea, to the Sea called
Syriacum: and by these places which the Jews knew, he meant an infinite space
and area over the whole world.
(q) That is, from the Euphrates.
9:11 r As
for thee also, by the blood of thy covenant I have sent forth thy s
prisoners out of the pit in which [is] no water.
(r) Meaning Jerusalem, or the Church which is
saved by the blood of Christ, of which the blood of the sacrifices was a
figure. And it is here called the covenant of the Church, because God made it
with his Church: and left it with them because of the love that he had for
(s) God shows that he will deliver his Church out
of all dangers, no matter how great they may seem.
9:12 Turn ye to the t
strong hold, ye u prisoners of hope:
even to day do I declare [that] I will render x
double to thee;
(t) That is, into the holy land where the city
and the temple are, where God will defend you.
(u) Meaning the faithful, who seemed to be in
danger of their enemies on every side, and yet lived in hope that God would
restore them to liberty.
(x) That is, double benefits and prosperity, in
respect of that which your fathers enjoyed from David's time to the
9:13 When I have bent Judah for me, filled the y
bow with Ephraim, and raised up thy sons, O Zion, against thy sons, O Greece,
and made thee as the sword of a mighty man.
(y) I will make Judah and Ephraim, that is, my
whole Church, victorious against all enemies, which he here means by the
9:15 The LORD of hosts shall
defend them; and they shall devour, z
and subdue the sling stones; and they shall drink, [and] make a noise as through
wine; and they shall be filled like bowls, [and] as the corners of the altar.
(z) He promises that the Jews will destroy their
enemies, and have abundance and excess of all things, as there is abundance on
the altar when the sacrifice is offered. And these things are not to move them
to excess, but to sobriety, and a thankful remembrance of God's great
9:16 And the LORD their God shall save them in that
day as the flock of his people: for they [shall be as] the a
stones of a crown, lifted up as an ensign upon his land.
(a) The faithful will be preserved, and
reverenced by all, that their very enemies will be compelled to esteem them:
for God's glory will shine in them, as Josephus declares of Alexander the
great when he met Jadi the high priest.