4:1 Hear this word, ye a kine of Bashan, that [are] in the mountain of Samaria, which oppress the poor, which crush the needy, which say to their masters, b Bring, and let us drink.
(a) Thus he calls the princes and governors, who
being overwhelmed with the great abundance of God's benefits, forgot God,
and therefore he calls them by the name of beasts and not of men.
(b) They encourage those who have authority over
the people to oppress them, so that they may have profit by it.
4:2 The Lord GOD hath sworn by his holiness, that,
lo, the days shall come upon you, that he will take you away with c
hooks, and your posterity with fishhooks.
(c) He alludes to fishers, who catch fish by
hooks or thorns.
4:4 Come to d
Bethel, and transgress; at Gilgal multiply transgression; and bring your
sacrifices every morning, [and] your tithes after three e
(d) He speaks this in contempt of those who
resorted to those places, thinking that their great devotion and good
intention was sufficient to have bound God to them.
(e) Read (Deuteronomy
4:5 And offer a sacrifice of thanksgiving f
with leaven, and proclaim [and] publish the free offerings: for this g
liketh you, O ye children of Israel, saith the Lord GOD.
(f) As (Leviticus
(g) You only delight in these outward ceremonies
and care for nothing else.
4:6 And I also have given you h
cleanness of teeth in all your cities, and want of bread in all your places: yet
have ye not returned unto me, saith the LORD.
(h) That is, lack of bread and meat.
4:7 And also I have withholden the rain from you,
when [there were] yet three i months to
the harvest: and I caused it to rain upon one city, and caused it not to rain
upon another city: one piece was rained upon, and the piece whereupon it rained
(i) I stopped the rain until the fruits of the
earth were destroyed with drought, and yet you would not consider to return to
me by repentance.
4:8 So two [or] three cities wandered unto one city,
to drink water; but they were k not
satisfied: yet have ye not returned unto me, saith the LORD.
(k) They could not find enough water where they
had heard that it had rained.
4:10 I have sent among you the
pestilence after the manner of l Egypt:
your young men have I slain with the sword, and have taken away your horses; and
I have made the stink of your camps to come up unto your nostrils: yet have ye
not returned unto me, saith the LORD.
(l) As I plagued the Egyptians; (Exodus
4:11 I have overthrown [some] of you, as God
overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah, and ye were as a m
firebrand plucked out of the burning: yet have ye not returned unto me, saith
(m) You were almost all consumed, and a few of
you were wonderfully preserved; (2 Kings
4:12 Therefore thus will I do unto thee, O Israel:
[and] because I will do this unto thee, prepare to n
meet thy God, O Israel.
(n) Turn to him by repentance.