1:1 The words of Amos, who was among the herdmen of a Tekoa, which he saw concerning Israel in the days of Uzziah king of Judah, and in the days of b Jeroboam the son of Joash king of Israel, two years before the c earthquake.
The Argument - Among many other Prophets that God raised up to admonish the
Israelites of his plagues for their wickedness and idolatry, he stirred up
Amos, who was a herdman or shepherd of a poor town, and gave him both
knowledge and constancy to reprove all estates and degrees, and to make known
God's horrible judgments against them, unless they repented in time. And he
showed them, that if God did not spare the other nations around them, who had
lived as it were in ignorance of God compared to them, but for their sins
punished them, then they could look for nothing, but a horrible destruction,
unless they turned to the Lord in true repentance. And finally, he comforts
the godly with hope of the coming of the Messiah, by whom they would have
perfect deliverance and salvation.
(a) Which was a town five miles from Jerusalem in
Judea, but he prophesied in Israel.
(b) In his days the kingdom of Israel flourished
(c) Which as Josephus writes, was when Uzziah
would have usurped the priest's office, and therefore was smitten with
1:2 And he said, The LORD will roar from Zion, and
utter his voice from Jerusalem; and the habitations of the shepherds shall
mourn, and the top d of Carmel shall
(d) Whatever is fruitful and pleasant in Israel,
will shortly perish.
1:3 Thus saith the LORD; For e
three transgressions of Damascus, and for four, I will not turn away [the
punishment] thereof; because they have f
threshed Gilead with threshing instruments of iron:
(e) He shows first that all the people round
about would be destroyed for their manifold sins: which are meant by three and
four, which make seven, so that the Israelites would the more deeply consider
God's judgments toward them.
(f) If the Syrians will not be spared for
committing this cruelty against one city, it is not possible that Israel would
escape punishment, which has committed so many and such grievous sins against
God and man.
1:4 But I will send a fire into the house of Hazael,
which shall devour the g palaces of
(g) The antiquity of their buildings will not
avoid my judgments. See Geneva
1:5 I will break also the bar of Damascus, and cut
off the inhabitant from the plain of Aven, and him that holdeth the sceptre from
the house of Eden: and the people of Syria shall go into captivity unto h
Kir, saith the LORD.
(h) Tiglath Pileser led the Assyrians captive,
and brought them to Cyrene, which he here calls Kir.
1:6 Thus saith the LORD; For three transgressions of
Gaza, and for four, I will not turn away [the punishment] thereof; because they i
carried away captive the whole captivity, to deliver [them] up to Edom:
(i) They united themselves with the Edomites
their enemies, who carried them away captive.
saith the LORD; For three transgressions of Tyrus, and for four, I will not turn
away [the punishment] thereof; because they delivered up the whole captivity to
Edom, and remembered not the k brotherly
(k) For Esau (from whom came the Edomites) and
Jacob were brothers, therefore they ought to have admonished them by their
brotherly friendship, and not to have provoked them to hatred.
1:11 Thus saith the LORD; For
three transgressions of Edom, and for four, I will not turn away [the
punishment] thereof; because he did pursue his brother with the sword, and did
cast off all pity, and his anger did tear perpetually, and he kept his wrath l
(l) He was a continual enemy to him.
1:13 Thus saith the LORD; For
three transgressions of the children of Ammon, and for four, I will not turn
away [the punishment] thereof; because they m
have ripped up the women with child of Gilead, that they might enlarge their
(m) He notes the great cruelty of the Ammonites,
that did not spare the women, but most tyrannously tormented them, and yet the
Ammonites came from Lot, who was of the household of Abraham.