29:1 In the a tenth year, in the tenth [month], in the twelfth [day] of the month, the word of the LORD came to me, saying,
(a) That is, of the captivity of Jeconiah, or of
the reign of Zedekiah. Of the order of these prophecies, and how the former
sometimes stands after the latter. See Jeremiah
29:3 Speak, and say, Thus
saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I [am] against thee, Pharaoh king of Egypt, the
great b dragon that lieth in the midst
of his rivers, which hath said, My river [is] my own, and I have made [it] for
(b) He compares Pharaoh to a dragon which hides
himself in the Nile river, as in (Isaiah
29:4 But I will put c
hooks in thy jaws, and I will cause the fish of thy rivers to stick to thy
scales, and I will bring thee out of the midst of thy rivers, and all the fish
of thy rivers shall stick to thy scales.
(c) I will send enemies against you who will
pluck you and your people which trust in you out of your sure places.
29:6 And all the inhabitants
of Egypt shall know that I [am] the LORD, because they have been a staff of d
reed to the house of Israel.
(d) Read (2 Kings
29:7 When they took hold of thee by thy hand, thou
didst break, and tear all their shoulder: and when they leaned upon thee, thou
didst break, and make all their inward parts to e
(e) When you felt their hurt, they would stay no
more on you, but stood on their feet and put their trust in others.
29:9 And the land of Egypt
shall be desolate and waste; and they shall know that I [am] the LORD: because
he hath said, f The river [is] mine, and
I have made [it].
(f) Thus God cannot permit man to attribute
anything to himself or put his trust in anything save in him alone.
And I will bring again the captives of Egypt, and will cause them to return
[into] the land of Pathros, into the land of their habitation; and they shall be
there a g base kingdom.
(g) Meaning, that they would not have full
dominion but be under the Persians, Greeks and Romans, and the reason is that
the Israelites would no more put their trust in them, but learn to depend on
29:16 And it shall be no
more the confidence of the house of Israel, which bringeth [their] h
iniquity to remembrance, when they shall look after them: but they shall know
that I [am] the Lord GOD.
(h) Lest I should by this means punish their
29:17 And it came to pass in the i
seven and twentieth year, in the first [month], in the first [day] of the month,
the word of the LORD came to me, saying,
(i) Counting from the captivity of Jeconiah.
29:18 Son of man, Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon
caused his army to serve a great k
service against Tyre: every head [was] made bald, and every shoulder [was]
rubbed raw: yet had he no wages, l nor
his army, for Tyre, for the service that he had served against it:
(k) He took great pains at the siege of Tyre and
his army was sore handled.
(l) Signifying that Nebuchadnezzar had more pains
than profit by the taking of Tyre.