16:3 And say, Thus saith the Lord GOD to Jerusalem; Thy birth and thy nativity [is] of the land a of Canaan; thy father [was] an Amorite, and thy mother an Hittite.
(a) You boast to be of the seed of Abraham, but
you are degenerate and follow the abominations of the wicked Canaanites as
children do the manners of their fathers, (Isaiah
16:4 And [as for] thy nativity, in the day thou
wast b born thy navel was not cut,
neither wast thou washed in water to cleanse [thee]; thou wast not salted at
all, nor swaddled at all.
(b) When I first brought you out of Egypt and
planted you in this land to be my Church.
16:6 And when I passed by
thee, and saw thee polluted in thy c own
blood, I said to thee [when thou wast] in thy blood, Live; yea, I said to thee
[when thou wast] in thy blood, Live.
(c) Being thus in your filthiness and forsaken by
all men, I took you and gave you life: by which is meant that before God wash
his Church and give life, there is nothing but filthiness and death.
16:8 Now when I passed by
thee, and looked upon thee, behold, thy time [was] the time of love; and I
spread my skirt over thee, and covered d
thy nakedness: yea, I swore to thee, and entered into a covenant with e
thee, saith the Lord GOD, and thou becamest mine.
(d) These words as blood, pollution, nakedness
and filthiness are often repeated to beat down their pride, and to cause them
to consider what they were before God received them to mercy, favoured them
and covered their shame.
(e) That you should be a chaste wife to me, and
that I should maintain you and endue you with all graces.
16:9 Then I washed thee with f
water; yea, I thoroughly washed away thy blood from thee, and I g
anointed thee with oil.
(f) I washed away your sins.
(g) I sanctified you with my Holy Spirit.
And I put a jewel in thy nose, and earrings in thy ears, and a beautiful h
crown upon thy head.
(h) By this he shows how he saved his Church,
enriched it, and gave it power and dominion to reign.
16:14 And thy renown went
forth among the nations for thy beauty: for it [was] perfect through my i
comeliness, which I had put upon thee, saith the Lord GOD.
(i) He declares where the dignity of Jerusalem
stood: that is, in that the Lord gave them of his beauty and excellency.
16:15 But thou didst k
trust in thy own beauty, and didst play the harlot because of thy renown, and
didst pour out l thy harlotries on every
one that passed by; his it was.
(k) In abusing my gifts and in putting your
confidence in your own wisdom and dignity, which were the opportunities of
(l) There was no idolatry with which you did not
16:16 And of thy garments thou didst take, and
didst deck thy high places with various colours, m
and didst play the harlot upon them: [the like things] shall not come, neither
shall it be [so].
(m) This declares how the idolaters put their
chief delight in those things which please the eyes and outward senses.
16:17 Thou hast also taken thy fair jewels of my
gold and of my silver, which I had given thee, and hast n
made to thyself images of men, and hast committed harlotry with them,
(n) You have converted my vessels and instruments
which I gave you to serve me with to the use of your idols.
Moreover thou hast taken thy sons and thy daughters, whom thou hast borne to me,
and these hast thou sacrificed to them to o
be devoured. [Is this] of thy harlotries a small matter,
(o) Meaning by fire, read (Leviticus
18:21; 2 Kings
Thou hast also committed harlotry with the p
Egyptians thy neighbours, great of flesh; and hast multiplied thy harlotry, to
provoke me to anger.
(p) He notes the great impiety of this people,
who first falling from God to seek help at strange nations also at length
embraced their idolatry thinking by it to make their amity more strong.
In that thou buildest thy eminent place in the head of every way, and makest thy
high place in every street; and hast not been as an harlot, q
in that thou scornest hire;
(q) Meaning that some harlots contemn small
rewards but no lovers gave a reward to Israel, but they gave to all others
signifying that the idolaters bestow all their substance which they receive
from God for his glory to serve their vile abominations.
Behold, therefore I will gather all r
thy lovers, with whom thou hast taken pleasure, and all [them] that thou hast
loved, with all [them] that thou hast hated; I will even gather them on every
side against thee, and will uncover thy nakedness to them, that they may see all
(r) Egyptians, Assyrians and Chaldeans whom you
took to be your lovers will come and destroy you, (Ezekiel
16:38 And I will judge thee, as women that s
break wedlock and shed blood are judged; and I will give thee blood in fury and
(s) I will judge you to death as the adulterers
So will I make my fury toward thee to rest, and my t
jealousy shall depart from thee, and I will be quiet, and will be no more angry.
(t) I will utterly destroy you and so my jealousy
16:43 Because thou hast not remembered the days of
thy youth, but hast provoked me in all these [things]; behold, therefore I also
will u recompense thy way upon [thy]
head, saith the Lord GOD: and thou shalt not commit this lewdness above all thy
(u) I have punished your faults but you would not
16:44 Behold, every one that useth proverbs shall
use [this] proverb against thee, saying, As [is] the mother, x
[so is] her daughter.
(x) As the Canaanites, the Hittites and others
were your predecessors, so are you their successors.
16:45 Thou [art] thy mother's daughter, that
lotheth her husband and her children; and thou [art] the sister of thy y
sisters, who lothed their husbands and their children: your mother [was] an
Hittite, and your father an Amorite.
(y) That is, of Samaria and Sodom.
16:46 And thy elder sister [is] Samaria, she and
her z daughters that dwell at thy left
hand: and thy younger sister, that dwelleth at thy right hand, [is] Sodom and
(z) That is, her cities.
16:47 Yet hast thou a
not walked after their ways, nor done after their abominations: but, as [if that
were] a very little [thing], thou wast corrupted more than they in all thy ways.
(a) But done far worse.
16:49 Behold, this was the
iniquity of thy sister Sodom, b pride,
fulness of bread, and abundance of idleness was in her and in her daughters,
neither did she strengthen the hand of the poor and needy.
(b) He alleges these four vices, pride, excess,
idleness and contempt of the poor as four principal causes of such
abomination, wherefore they were so horribly punished, (Genesis
16:51 Neither c
hath Samaria committed half of thy sins; but thou hast multiplied thy
abominations more than they, and hast d
justified thy sisters in all thy abominations which thou hast done.
(c) Which worshipped the calves in Bethel and
(d) You are so wicked that in respect to you
Sodom and Samaria were just.
16:53 When I shall bring
again e their captivity, the captivity
of Sodom and her daughters, and the captivity of Samaria and her daughters, then
[will I bring again] the captivity of thy captives in the midst of them:
(e) This he speaks in comparison seeing that he
would restore Jerusalem when Sodom would be restored, that is, never: and this
is meant of the greatest part of the Jews.
16:54 That thou mayest bear thy own shame, and
mayest be confounded in all that thou hast done, in that thou art a f
comfort to them.
(f) In that you have shown yourself worse than
they and yet thought to escape punishment.
16:55 When thy sisters, Sodom and her daughters,
shall return to their former state, and Samaria and her daughters shall return
to their former state, g then thou and
thy daughters shall return to your former state.
(g) Meaning that it would never come to pass.
16:56 For thy sister Sodom was not mentioned h
by thy mouth in the day of thy pride,
(h) You would not call her punishment to mind
when you were aloft, to learn by her example to fear my judgments.
16:57 Before thy wickedness was i
uncovered, as at the time of [thy] reproach of the daughters of Syria, and all
[that are] around k her, the daughters
of the Philistines, who despise thee on every side.
(i) That is, till you were brought under by the
Syrians and Philistines, (2 Chronicles
(k) Which joined with the Syrians, or compassed
16:59 For thus saith the
Lord GOD; I will even deal with thee as thou hast done, who hast despised the l
oath in breaking the covenant.
(l) When you broke the covenant which was made
between you and me, as in (Ezekiel
16:60 Nevertheless I will m
remember my covenant with thee in the days of thy youth, and I will establish to
thee an everlasting covenant.
(m) That is, out of mercy and love I will pity
you and so stand by my covenant though you have deserved the contrary.
16:61 Then thou shalt remember thy ways, and be
ashamed, when thou shalt receive n thy
sisters, thy elder and thy younger: and I will give them to thee for daughters,
but not o by thy covenant.
(n) By which he shows that among the most wicked,
he always had some seed of his Church, which he would cause to bear fruit in
due time: and here he declares how he will call the Gentiles.
(o) But of my free mercy.
16:63 That thou mayest
remember, and be p confounded, and never
open thy mouth any more because of thy shame, when I am pacified toward thee for
all that thou hast done, saith the Lord GOD.
(p) This declares what fruits God's mercies
work in his, that is, sorrow and repentance for their former life.