1:1 How doth a the city sit desolate, [that was] full of people! [how] is she become as a widow! she [that was] great among the nations, b [and] princess among the provinces, [how] is she become a slave!
(a) The prophet wonders at the great judgment of
God, seeing Jerusalem, which was so strong and so full of people, to be now
destroyed and desolate.
(b) Who had chief rule over many provinces and
1:2 She weepeth bitterly in the c
night, and her tears [are] on her cheeks: among all her d
lovers she hath none to comfort [her]: all her friends have dealt treacherously
with her, they are become her enemies.
(c) So that she takes no rest.
(d) Meaning the Egyptians and Assyrians who
1:3 Judah is gone into captivity because e
of affliction, and because of great servitude: she dwelleth among the nations,
she findeth no rest: all her persecutors overtook her in the midst of distress.
(e) For her cruelty toward the poor and
oppression of servants, (Jeremiah
1:4 The ways of Zion do mourn, because none come f
to the solemn feasts: all her gates are desolate: her priests sigh, her virgins
are afflicted, and she [is] in bitterness.
(f) As they used to come up with mirth and joy, (Psalms
1:5 Her adversaries g
are the head, her enemies prosper; for the LORD hath afflicted her for the
multitude of her transgressions: her children are gone into captivity before the
(g) That is, have rule over her, (Deuteronomy
1:6 And from the daughter of Zion all her beauty hath
departed: her princes are become h like
harts [that] find no pasture, and they are gone without strength before the
(h) As men pined away with sorrow and that have
1:7 Jerusalem remembered in the days of her
affliction and of her miseries all her pleasant things that she had in the days
of old, when her people i fell into the
hand of the enemy, and none helped her: the adversaries saw her, [and] mocked at
her k sabbaths.
(i) In her misery she considered the great
benefits and commodities that she had lost.
(k) At her religion and serving of God, which was
the greatest grief to the godly.
Her filthiness [is] in her skirts; she remembereth not her latter end; therefore
she hath been wonderfully abased: she had no comforter. O LORD, behold my
affliction: for the enemy hath magnified [himself].
(l) She is not ashamed of her sin, although it is
1:10 The adversary hath spread out his hand upon all
her pleasant things: for she hath seen [that] the nations entered into her
sanctuary, whom m thou didst command
[that] they should not enter into thy congregation.
(m) God forbids the Ammonites and Moabites to
enter into the congregation of the Lord, and under them he comprehends all
1:12 [Is it] nothing to you,
all ye that pass by? behold, and see if there is any n
sorrow like my sorrow, which hath fallen upon me, with which the LORD hath
afflicted [me] in the day of his fierce anger.
(n) Thus Jerusalem laments moving others to pity
her and to learn by her example.
1:13 From above hath o
he sent fire into my bones, and it prevaileth against them: he hath spread a net
for my feet, he hath turned me back: he hath made me desolate [and] faint all
(o) This declares that we should acknowledge God
to be the author of all our afflictions to the intent that we might seek him
1:14 The p
yoke of my transgressions is bound by his hand: they are knit together, [and]
come up upon my neck: he hath made my strength to fall, the Lord hath delivered
me into [their] hands, [from whom] I am not able to rise.
(p) My heavy sins are continually before his eyes
as he that ties a thing to his hand for a reminder.
1:15 The Lord hath trodden under foot all my mighty
[men] in the midst of me: he hath called an assembly against me to crush my
young men: the Lord hath trodden the virgin, the daughter of Judah, [as] in a q
(q) He has trodden them underfoot as they tread
grapes in the winepress.
1:17 Zion spreadeth forth her
hands, [and there is] none to comfort her: the LORD hath commanded concerning
Jacob, [that] his adversaries [should be] around him: Jerusalem is r
as a menstruous woman among them.
(r) Who because of her pollution was separate
from her husband, (Leviticus
15:19) and was abhorred for the time.
1:19 I called for my lovers,
[but] they deceived me: my priests and my elders gave up the ghost in the city,
while they s sought their food to
relieve their souls.
(s) That is, they died for hunger.
Let all their wickedness come before thee; and do to them, as thou hast done to
me for all my transgressions: for my sighs [are] many, and my heart [is] faint.
(t) Of desiring vengeance against the enemy, See
11:20 and See Jeremiah