44:1 The word that came to Jeremiah concerning all the Jews who dwell in the land of Egypt, who dwell at Migdol, and at a Tahpanhes, and at Noph, and in the country of Pathros, saying,
(a) These were all famous and strange cities in
Egypt, where the Jews that fled dwelt for their safety but the prophet
declares that there is no hold so strong that can preserve them from God's
Yet I sent to you all my servants the prophets, b
rising early and sending [them], saying, O, do not this abominable thing that I
(b) Read (Jeremiah
44:6 Wherefore c
my fury and my anger was poured forth, and was kindled in the cities of Judah
and in the streets of Jerusalem; and they are wasted [and] desolate, as at this
(c) He sets before their eyes God's judgments
against Judah and Jerusalem for their idolatry that they might beware by their
example, and not with the same wickedness provoke the Lord: for then they
would be double punished.
Have ye forgotten the wickedness of your fathers, and the wickedness of the d
kings of Judah, and the wickedness of their wives, and your own wickedness, and
the wickedness of your wives, which they have committed in the land of Judah,
and in the streets of Jerusalem?
(d) He shows that we ought to keep in memory
God's plagues from the beginning that considering them, we might live in his
fear, and know if he did not spare our fathers, yea kings, princes, rulers and
also whole countries and nations for their sins that we vile worms cannot look
to escape punishment for ours.
And I will take the remnant of Judah, that e
have set their faces to go into the land of Egypt to sojourn there, and they
shall all be consumed, [and] fall in the land of Egypt; they shall [even] be
consumed by the sword [and] by the famine: they shall die, from the least even
to the greatest, by the sword and by the famine: and they shall be an
execration, [and] an horror, and a f
curse, and a reproach.
(e) Which have fully set their minds and are gone
there on purpose. By which he excepts the innocents as Jeremiah and Baruch
that were forces: therefore the Lord shows that he will set his face against
them: that is, purposely destroy them.
(f) Read (Jeremiah
44:14 So that none of the
remnant of Judah, who have gone into the land of Egypt to sojourn there, shall
escape or remain, that they should return into the land of Judah, to which they
have a desire to return to dwell there: for none shall return but g
such as shall escape.
(g) Meaning but a few.
44:16 [As for] the word
that thou hast spoken to us in the name of the LORD, we will h
not hearken to thee.
(h) This declares how dangerous a thing it is to
decline once from God and to follow our own fantasies: for Satan ever solicits
such and does not leave them till he has brought them to extreme impudency and
madness, even to justify their wickedness against God and his prophets.
44:17 But we will certainly do whatever thing
proceedeth from our own mouth, to burn incense to i
the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink offerings to her, as we have done,
we, and our fathers, our kings, and our princes, in the cities of Judah, and in
the streets of Jerusalem: for [then] we had k
plenty of food, and were well, and saw no evil.
(i) Read (Jeremiah
7:18) it seems that the papists gathered of this place "Salbe
Regina" and "Regina caeli latare" calling the virgin Mary Queen
of heaven and so out of the blessed virgin and mother of our saviour Christ,
made an idol; for here the prophet condemns their idolatry.
(k) This is still the argument of idolaters who
esteem religion by the belly and instead of acknowledging God's works who
sends both plenty and famine, health and sickness. They attribute it to their
idols and so dishonour God.
44:19 And when we burned
incense to the queen of heaven, and poured out drink offerings to her, did we
make for her cakes to worship her, and pour out drink offerings to her, without l
(l) This teaches us what a great danger it is for
the husbands to permit their wives anything of which they are not assured by
God's word: for by it they take an opportunity to justify their doings and
their husbands will give an account of it before God.
Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, saying; Ye and your wives have
both spoken with your mouths, and fulfilled with your m
hand, saying, We will surely perform our vows that we have vowed, to burn
incense to the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink offerings to her: ye will
surely accomplish your vows, and surely perform your vows.
(m) You have committed double evil in making
wicked vows, and in performing the same.
44:26 Therefore hear ye the word of the LORD, all
Judah that dwell in the land of Egypt; Behold, I have sworn by my great name,
saith the LORD, that my name n shall no
more be named in the mouth of any man of Judah in all the land of Egypt, saying,
The Lord GOD liveth.
(n) This declares a horrible plague toward
idolaters, seeing that God will not vouchsafe to have his Name mentioned by
such as have polluted it.
44:28 Yet a small number
that escape the sword o shall return
from the land of Egypt into the land of Judah, and all the remnant of Judah,
that have gone into the land of Egypt to sojourn there, shall know whose words
shall stand, mine, or theirs.
(o) We see therefore that God has a perpetual
care over his, wherever they are scattered: for though they are but two or
three, yet he will deliver them when he destroys his enemies.
44:30 Thus saith the LORD;
Behold, I will p give Pharaohhophra king
of Egypt into the hand of his enemies, and into the hand of them that seek his
life; as I gave Zedekiah king of Judah into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar king of
Babylon, his enemy, and that sought his life.
(p) He shows the means by which they would be
destroyed to assure them of the certainty of the plague and yet they remain
still in their obstinacy till they perish: for Josephus writes that five years
after the taking of Jerusalem, Nebuchadnezzar the younger having overcome the
Moabites and the Ammonites went against Egypt and slew the king and so brought
these Jews and others into Babylon.