25:1 The word that came to Jeremiah concerning all the people of Judah in the a fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah, that [was] the first year of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon;
(a) That is, in the third year accomplished and
in the beginning of the fourth: for though Nebuchadnezzar began to reign in
the end of the third year of Jehoiakim's reign yet that year is not counted
here because it was almost over, (Daniel
25:3 From the thirteenth year
of Josiah the son of Amon king of Judah, even to b
this day, that [is] the three and twentieth year, the word of the LORD hath come
to me, and I have spoken to you, c
rising early and speaking; but ye have not hearkened.
(b) Which was the fifth year and the ninth month
of Jehoiakim's reign.
(c) That is, I have spared no diligence or labour,
25:5 They d
said, Turn ye again now every one from his evil way, and from the evil of your
doings, and dwell in the land that the LORD hath given to you and to your
fathers for ever and ever:
(d) He shows that the prophets, wholly with one
consent laboured to pull the people from those vices, which then reigned, that
is, from idolatry and the vain confidence of men: for under these two all
others were contained, (2 Kings
Behold, I will send and take all the e
families of the north, saith the LORD, and Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon,
my f servant, and will bring them
against this land, and against its inhabitants, and against all these nations g
around, and will utterly destroy them, and make them an horror, and an hissing,
and perpetual desolations.
(e) The Chaldeans and all their power.
(f) So the wicked and Satan himself are God's
servants, because he makes them serve him by constraint and turns that which
they do out of malice to his honour and glory.
(g) As the Philistines, Ammonites, Egyptians and
25:10 Moreover I will take from them the voice of
mirth, and the voice of gladness, the voice of the bridegroom, and the voice of
the bride, the sound of the h
millstones, and the light of the candle.
(h) Meaning that bread and all things that would
serve to their feasts would be taken away.
25:12 And it shall come to
pass, when i seventy years are
accomplished, [that] I will punish k the
king of Babylon, and that nation, saith the LORD, for their iniquity, and the
land of the Chaldeans, and will make it perpetual desolations.
(i) This revelation was for the confirmation of
his prophecy because he told them of the time that they would enter and remain
in captivity, (2 Chronicles
(k) For seeing the judgment began at his own
house, the enemies must be punished most grievously, (Ezekiel
9:6; 1 Peter
25:14 For many nations and
great kings shall be l served by them
also: and I will recompense them according to their deeds, and according to the
works of their own hands.
(l) That is of the Babylonians as in (Jeremiah
25:15 For thus saith the LORD God of Israel to me;
m Take the wine cup of this fury at my
hand, and cause all the nations, to whom I send thee, to drink it.
(m) Signifying the extreme affliction that God
had appointed for everyone, (Psalms
51:17) and this cup which the wicked drink, is more bitter than that which
he gives to his children, for he measures the one by mercy, and the other by
[That is], Jerusalem, and the cities of Judah, and her kings, and her princes,
to make them a desolation, an horror, an hissing, and a curse; n
as [it is] this day;
(n) For now it begins and will so continue till
it is accomplished.
25:20 And all the mixed
people, and all the kings of the land o
of Uz, and all the kings of the land of the Philistines, and p
Ashkelon, and Azzah, and Ekron, and the remnant of Ashdod,
(o) Read (Job
(p) Which were cities of the Philistines.
Edom, and Moab, and the children of Ammon,
(q) Edom is here taken for the whole country and
Uz for a part of it.
25:22 And all the kings of Tyre, and all the kings
of Zidon, and the kings of the r isles
which [are] beyond the sea,
(r) As Greece, Italy and the rest of those
Dedan, and Tema, and Buz, and all [that are] in the utmost corners,
(s) These were people of Arabia which came of
Dedan the son of Abraham and Keturah.
25:24 And all the kings of Arabia, and all the
kings of the mixed people that dwell in the t
(t) For there were two countries so named, the
one called plentiful and the other barren, or desert.
25:26 And all the kings of
the north, far and near, one with another, and all the kingdoms of the world,
which [are] upon the face of the earth: and the king of u
Sheshach shall drink after them.
(u) That is of Babylon, as in (Jeremiah
For, lo, x I begin to bring evil on the
city which is called by my name, and should ye be utterly unpunished? Ye shall
not be unpunished: for I will call for a sword upon all the inhabitants of the
earth, saith the LORD of hosts.
(x) That is Jerusalem, read (Jeremiah
And y the slain of the LORD shall be at
that day from [one] end of the earth even to the [other] end of the earth: they
shall not be lamented, neither gathered, nor buried; they shall be refuse upon
(y) They who are slain at the Lord's
25:34 Howl, z
ye shepherds, and cry; and wallow yourselves [in the ashes], ye chief of the
flock: for the days of your slaughter and of your dispersions are accomplished;
and ye shall fall like a a pleasant
(z) You that are chief rulers, and governors.
(a) Which are most easily broken.
25:35 And the b
shepherds shall have no way to flee, nor the chief of the flock to escape.
(b) It will not help them to seek to flee.