63:1 Who [is] this that cometh a from Edom, with dyed garments from Bozrah? this [that is] glorious in his apparel, travelling in the greatness of his strength? b I that speak in righteousness, mighty to save.
(a) This prophecy is against the Idumeans and
enemies who persecuted the Church, on whom God will take vengeance, and is
here set forth all bloody after he has destroyed them in Bozrah, the chief
city of the Idumeans: for these were their greatest enemies,and under the
title of circumcision and the kindred of Abraham.
(b) God answers them that asked this question,
"Who is this?" etc. and says "You see now performed in deed the
vengeance which my prophets threatened."
63:2 c Why
[art thou] red in thy apparel, and thy garments like him that treadeth in the
(c) Another question, to which the Lord answers.
63:4 For the day of vengeance
[is] in my heart, and the d year of my
redeemed is come.
(d) Showing that when God punishes his enemies,
it is for the profit and deliverance of his Church.
63:5 And I looked, and [there was] none to help;
and I wondered that [there was] none to uphold: therefore my own e
arm brought salvation to me; and my fury, it upheld me.
(e) God shows that he has no need of man's help
for the deliverance of his, and though men refuse to do their duty through
negligence and ingratitude, yet he himself will deliver his Church, and punish
the enemies, (Isaiah
63:6 And I will tread down the people in my anger,
and make them f drunk in my fury, and I
will bring down their strength to the earth.
(f) I will so astonish them and make them so
giddy that they will not know which way to go.
63:7 I will g
mention the lovingkindnesses of the LORD, [and] the praises of the LORD,
according to all that the LORD hath bestowed on us, and the great goodness
toward the house of Israel, which he hath bestowed on them according to his
mercies, and according to the multitude of his lovingkindnesses.
(g) The prophet speaks this to move the people to
remember God's benefits in times past, that they may be confirmed in their
63:8 For he said, Surely they [are] my h
people, children [that] will not lie: so he was their Saviour.
(h) For I chose them to be mine, that they should
be holy, and not deceive my expectation.
63:9 In all their affliction he was i
afflicted, and the angel k of his
presence saved them: in his love and in his pity he redeemed them; and he bore
them, and carried them all the days of old.
(i) He bore their afflictions and griefs as
though they had been his own.
(k) Which was a witness of God's presence, and
this may be referred to Christ, to whom belongs the office of salvation.
63:11 Then he l
remembered the days of old, Moses, [and] his people, [saying], Where [is] he
that brought them out of the sea with the m
shepherd of his flock? where [is] he that put his Holy Spirit within n
(l) That is, the people of Israel being
afflicted, called to mind God's benefits, which he had bestowed on their
fathers in times past.
(m) Meaning, Moses.
(n) That is, in Moses that he might well govern
the people: some refer this giving of the spirit to the people.
63:13 That led them through
the deep, as an o horse in the
wilderness, [that] they should not stumble?
(o) Peaceably and gentle, as a horse is led to
Look down from heaven, and behold from the habitation of thy holiness and of thy
glory: where [is] thy q zeal and thy
strength, the sounding of thy bowels and of thy mercies toward me? are they r
(p) Having declared God's benefits showed to
their forefathers, he turned himself to God by prayer, desiring him to
continue the same graces toward them.
(q) Your great affection, which you bore for us.
(r) Meaning, from the whole body of the Church.
63:16 Doubtless thou [art] our father, though s
Abraham be ignorant of us, and Israel acknowledge us not: thou, O LORD, [art]
our father, our redeemer; thy name [is] from everlasting.
(s) Though Abraham would refuse us to be his
children, yet you will not refuse to be our father.
63:17 O LORD, why hast t
thou made us to err from thy ways, [and] hardened our heart from thy fear?
Return for thy u servants' sake, the
tribes of thy inheritance.
(t) By taking away the Holy Spirit from us, by
whom we were governed, and so for our ingratitude delivered us up to our own
concupiscence, and punished sin by sin according to your just judgment.
(u) Meaning, for the covenant's sake made to
Abraham, Isaac and Jacob his servants.
63:18 The people of thy holiness have possessed
[it] but a little x while: our
adversaries have trodden down thy sanctuary.
(x) That is, in respect to the promise, which is
perpetual: even though they had now possessed the land of Canaan for 1400
years: and thus they lament, to move God rather to remember his covenant, than
to punish their sins.