6:1 In the year that king Uzziah died a I saw also the Lord sitting upon a b throne, high and lifted up, and his c train filled the temple.
(a) God does not show himself to man in his
majesty but according as man's capacity to comprehend him, that is, by
visible signs as John the Baptist saw the Holy Spirit in the form of a dove.
(b) As a judge ready to give sentence.
(c) Of his garment, or of his throne.
6:2 Above it stood the d
seraphims: each one had six wings; with two he covered his e
face, and with two he covered his f
feet, and with two he g flew.
(d) They were angels so called because they were
of a fiery colour, to signify that they burnt in the love of God, or were
light as fire to execute his will.
(e) Signifying that they were not able to endure
the brightness of God's glory.
(f) By which it was declared that man was not
able to see the brightness of God in them.
(g) Which declares the prompt obedience of the
angels to execute God's commandment.
6:3 And one cried to another, and said, h
Holy, holy, holy, [is] the LORD of hosts: the whole i
earth [is] full of his glory.
(h) This often repetition signifies that the
angels cannot satisfy themselves in praising God, to teach us that in all our
lives we should give ourselves to the continual praise of God.
(i) His glory not only appears in the heavens but
through all the world, and therefore all creatures are bound to praise him.
6:4 And the posts of the door k
moved at the voice of him that cried, and the house was filled with smoke.
(k) Which was to confirm the prophet, that it was
not the voice of man: and by the smoke was signified the blindness that would
come on the Jews.
6:5 Then said I, l
Woe [is] me! for I am undone; because I [am] a man of unclean lips, and I dwell
in the midst of a people of unclean lips: for my eyes have seen the King, the
LORD of hosts.
(l) He speaks this for two reasons, the one
because he who was a mortal creature and therefore had more need to glorify
God than the angels, did not do it, and the other because the nearer that man
approaches to God, the more he knows his own sin and corruption.
6:6 Then one of the seraphims flew to me, having a
live coal in his hand, [which] he had taken with the tongs from off the m
(m) Of the burnt offerings where the fire never
6:7 And he laid [it] upon my mouth, and said, Lo,
this hath touched thy lips; and thy iniquity is taken away, and thy n
(n) This declares that man cannot render due
obedience to God, till he has purged us.
6:9 And he said, Go, and tell
this people, o Hear ye indeed, but
understand not; and see ye indeed, but perceive not.
(o) By which is declared that for the malice of
man God will not immediately take away his word, but he will cause it to be
preached to their condemnation, when as they will not learn by it to obey his
will, and be saved: by this he exhorts the ministers to do their duty, and
answers to the wicked murmurers, that through their own malice their heart is
6:11 Then said I, Lord, p
how long? And he answered, Until the cities shall be wasted without inhabitant,
and the houses without man, and the land be utterly desolate,
(p) As he was moved with the zeal of God's
glory, so was he touched with a charitable affection toward the people.
6:13 But yet in it [shall be]
q a tenth, and [it] shall return, and
shall be eaten: as a teil tree, r and as
an oak, whose substance [is] in them, when they cast [their leaves: so] the holy
seed [shall be] the substance of it.
(q) Meaning, the tenth part: or as some write, it
was revealed to Isaiah for the confirmation of his prophecy that ten kings
would come before their captivity, as were from Uzziah to Zedekiah.
(r) For the fewness of them they will seem to be
eaten up: yet they will later flourish as a tree, which in winter loses
leaves, and seems to be dead, yet in summer is fresh and green.