54:1 Sing, O a barren, thou [that] didst not bear; break forth into singing, and cry aloud, thou [that] didst not travail with child: for more [are] the children of the b desolate than the children of the married wife, saith the LORD.
(a) After he has declared the death of Christ, he
speaks to the Church, because it would feel the fruit of the same, and calls
her barren, because in the captivity she was a widow without hope to have any
(b) The Church in this her affliction and
captivity will bring forth more children, than when she was free, or this may
be spoken by admiration, considering the great number that would come from
her. Her deliverance under Cyrus was as her childhood, and therefore this was
accomplished when she came of age, which was under the gospel.
Enlarge the place of thy tent, and let them extend the curtains of thy
habitations: spare not, lengthen thy cords, and strengthen thy stakes;
(c) Signifying that for the great number of
children that God would give her, she would seem to lack room to lodge them.
54:4 Fear not; for thou shalt
not be ashamed: neither be thou confounded; for thou shalt not be put to shame:
for thou shalt forget the shame of thy d
youth, and shalt not remember the reproach of thy e
widowhood any more.
(d) The afflictions which you suffered at the
(e) When you were refused for your sins, (Isaiah
54:5 For thy f
Maker [is] thy husband; the LORD of hosts [is] his name; and thy Redeemer the
Holy One of Israel; The God of the whole g
earth shall he be called.
(f) That regenerated you by his Holy Spirit.
(g) His glory will shine through the whole world,
which seemed before to be shut up in Judea.
54:6 For the LORD hath called thee as a woman
forsaken and grieved in spirit, and a h
wife of youth, when thou wast refused, saith thy God.
(h) As a wife who was forsaken in your youth.
For this [is as] the i waters of Noah to
me: for [as] I have sworn that the waters of Noah shall no more overflow the
earth; so have I sworn that I will not be angry with thee, nor rebuke thee.
(i) As sure as the promise that I made to Noah,
that the waters would no longer overflow the earth.
54:11 O thou afflicted,
tossed with tempest, [and] not comforted, behold, I will lay thy stones with k
fair colours, and lay thy foundations with sapphires.
(k) By this he declares the excellent estate of
the Church under Christ.
54:13 And all thy children
[shall be] l taught from the LORD; and
great [shall be] the peace of thy children.
(l) By the hearing of his word and inward moving
of his spirit.
54:14 In m
righteousness shalt thou be established: thou shalt be far from oppression; for
thou shalt not fear: and from terror; for it shall not come near thee.
(m) In stability and sureness, so that it will
54:15 Behold, they shall surely assemble, [but]
not by n me: whoever shall assemble o
against thee shall fall for thy sake.
(n) And therefore will not prevail.
(o) Meaning, the domestic enemies of the Church,
as are the hypocrites.
54:16 Behold, I have created the p
smith that bloweth the coals in the fire, and that bringeth forth an instrument
for his work; and I have created the waster to destroy.
(p) Signifying by this that man can do nothing,
but so far as God gives power: for seeing that all are his creatures, he must
govern and guide them.