52:1 Awake, awake; put on thy strength, O Zion; put on thy beautiful garments, O Jerusalem, the holy city: for henceforth there shall no a more come into thee the uncircumcised and the unclean.
(a) No wicked tyrant, who will subvert God's
true religion and oppress the conscience.
52:2 Shake thyself from the b
dust; arise, [and] sit down, O Jerusalem: loose thyself from the bands of thy
neck, O captive daughter of Zion.
(b) Put off the garments of sorrow and heaviness
and put on the apparel of joy and gladness.
52:3 For thus saith the LORD, Ye have sold
yourselves for c nothing; and ye shall
be redeemed without money.
(c) The Babylonians paid nothing to me for you:
therefore I will take you again without ransom.
52:4 For thus saith the Lord GOD, My people went d
down in times past into Egypt to sojourn there; and the Assyrian e
oppressed them without cause.
(d) When Jacob went there in times of famine.
(e) The Egyptians might pretend some reason to
oppress my people because they went there and remained among them, but the
Assyrians have no title to excuse their tyranny by, and therefore I will
punish them more than I did the Egyptians.
52:5 Now therefore, what have I here, saith the
LORD, that my people is taken away for nothing? they that rule over them make
them to wail, saith the LORD; and my name continually every day [is] f
(f) That is, by the wicked, who think that I have
no power to deliver them.
52:7 How g
beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of him that bringeth good tidings,
that proclaimeth peace; that bringeth good tidings of good, that proclaimeth
salvation; that saith to Zion, Thy God reigneth!
(g) Signifying that the joy and good tidings of
their deliverance would make their affliction in the mean time more easy: but
this is chiefly meant of the spiritual joy, as in (Nahum
52:8 h Thy
watchmen shall lift up the voice; with the voice together shall they sing: for
they shall see eye to eye, when the LORD shall bring again Zion.
(h) The prophets who are your watchmen will
publish your deliverance: this was begun under Zerubbabel, Ezra and Nehemiah,
but was accomplished under Christ.
52:10 The LORD hath made i
bare his holy arm in the eyes of all the nations; and all the ends of the earth
shall see the salvation of our God.
(i) As ready to smite his enemies and to deliver
Depart ye, depart ye, go ye out from there, touch no unclean [thing]; go ye out
of the midst of her; be ye clean, that l
bear the vessels of the LORD.
(k) He warns the faithful not to pollute
themselves with the superstitions of the Babylonians, as (Isaiah
48:20; 2 Corinthians
(l) For the time is at hand that the priests and
Levites chiefly (and so by them all the people, who will be as the Levites in
this office) will carry home vessels of the temple which Nebuchadnezzar had
52:12 For ye shall not go out m
with haste, nor go by flight: for the LORD will go before you; and the God of
Israel [will be] your rear guard.
(m) As your fathers did out of Egypt.
52:13 Behold, my n
servant shall deal prudently, he shall be exalted and extolled, and be very
(n) Meaning Christ, by whom our spiritual
deliverance would be wrought of which this was a sign.
52:14 As many were astonished at thee; his visage
was so o marred more than any man, and
his form more than the sons of men:
(o) In the corrupt judgment of man, Christ in his
person was not valued.
52:15 So p
shall he sprinkle many nations; the kings shall shut their q
mouths at him: for [that] which had not been told them shall they see; and
[that] which they had not heard shall they r
(p) He will spread his word through many nations.
(q) In sign of reverence, and as being astonished
at his excellency.
(r) By the preaching of the gospel.