38:1 In those a days was Hezekiah sick and near death. And Isaiah the prophet the son of Amoz came to him, and said to him, Thus saith the LORD, Set thy house in order: for thou shalt die, and not live.
(a) Soon after that the Assyrians were slain: so
that God will have the exercise of his children continually, that they may
learn only to depend on God and aspire to the heavens.
38:2 Then Hezekiah b
turned his face toward the wall, and prayed to the LORD,
(b) For his heart was touched with fear of
God's judgment, seeing he had appointed him to die so quickly after his
deliverance from so great calamity, as one unworthy to remain in that estate,
and also foreseeing the great change that would come in the Church, as he left
no son to reign after him: for as yet Manasseh was not born, and when he
reigned, we see what a tyrant he was.
And I will deliver thee and this city c
from the hand of the king of Assyria: and I will defend this city.
(c) He not only promises to prolong his life, but
to give him rest and quietness from the Assyrians, who might have renewed
their army to revenge their former defeat.
38:7 And d
this [shall be] a sign to thee from the LORD, that the LORD will do this thing
that he hath spoken;
(d) For Hezekiah had asked for a sign for the
confirmation of his faith, as in (Isaiah
38:22; 2 Kings
20:8), to which he was moved by the singular motion of God's spirit.
38:8 Behold, I will bring again the shadow of the
degrees, which hath gone down on the e
sun dial of Ahaz, ten degrees backward. So the sun returned ten degrees, by
which degrees it had gone down.
(e) Read (2 Kings
38:9 f The
writing of Hezekiah king of Judah, when he had been sick, and had recovered from
(f) He left this song of his lamentation and
thanksgiving to all posterity, as a monument of his own infirmity and thankful
heart for God's benefits, as David did, (Psalms
38:10 I said in the g
cutting off of my days, I shall go to the gates of the grave: I am deprived of
the rest of my years.
(c) At which time it was told to me, that I would
38:11 I said, h
I shall not see the LORD, [even] the LORD, in the land of the living: I shall
behold man no more with the inhabitants of the world.
(h) I will no more praise the Lord here in this
temple among the faithful thus God permits his dearest children to want his
consolation for a time that his grace afterward may appear when they feel
their own weakness.
38:12 My age hath departed, and is removed from me
as a shepherd's tent: I i have cut off
like a weaver my life: he will cut me off with pining sickness: from day [even] k
to night wilt thou make an end of me.
(i) By my sin I have provoked God to take my life
(k) That is, in one day, or shortly.
38:13 I reckoned l
till morning, [that], as a lion, so will he break all my bones: from day [even]
to night wilt thou make an end of me.
(l) Overnight I thought that I would live till
morning, but my pangs in the night persuaded me the contrary: he shows the
horror that the faithful have when they apprehend God's judgment against
38:14 Like a crane [or] a swallow, so I m
chattered: I mourned as a dove: my eyes fail [with looking] upward: O LORD, I am
oppressed; undertake for me.
(m) I was so oppressed with sorrow, that I was
not able to utter my words, but only to groan and sigh.
38:15 What shall I say? o
he hath both spoken to me, and himself hath done [it]: I shall go p
softly all my years in the bitterness of my soul.
(o) God has declared by his prophet that I will
die and therefore I will yield to him.
(p) I will have no release, but continual sorrows
while I live.
38:16 O Lord, q
by these [things men] live, and in all these [things is] the life of my spirit:
so wilt thou r restore me, and make me
(q) They who will outlive the men that are now
alive, and all they who are in these years will acknowledge this blessing.
(r) That after that you had condemned me to death
you restored me to life.
38:17 Behold, for s
peace I had great bitterness: but thou hast in love to my soul [delivered it]
from the pit of corruption: for thou hast cast all my t
sins behind thy back.
(s) While I thought to have lived in rest and
ease being delivered from my enemy, I had grief upon grief.
(t) He values more the remission of his sins, and
God's favour than a thousand lives.
38:18 For u
the grave cannot praise thee, death can [not] celebrate thee: they that go down
into the pit cannot hope for thy truth.
(u) For as much as God has placed man in this
world to glorify him, the godly take it as a sign of his wrath, when their
days were shortened, either because they seemed unworthy for their sins to
live longer in his service, or for their zeal to God's glory, seeing that
there are so few in earth who regard it as in (Psalms
38:19 The living, the living, he shall praise
thee, as I [do] this day: the father to the x
children shall make known thy truth.
(x) All posterity will acknowledge and the
fathers according to their duty toward their children will instruct them in
your graces and mercies toward me.
38:20 The LORD [was ready] to save me: therefore
we will sing my songs to the stringed instruments all the days of y
our life in the house of the LORD.
(y) He shows what is the use of the Congregation
and Church, that is, to give the Lord thanks for his benefits.
38:21 For Isaiah had said, Let them take a lump of
figs, and z lay [it] for a plaster upon
the boil, and he shall recover.
(z) Read (2 Kings
38:22 Hezekiah also a
had said, What [is] the sign that I shall go up to the house of the LORD?
(a) As in (Isaiah