3:1 For, behold, the Lord, the LORD of hosts, doth take away from Jerusalem and from Judah the rod a and the staff, the whole support of bread, and the whole support of water,
(a) Because they trusted in their abundance and
prosperity he shows that they should be taken from them.
3:2 The mighty man, and the man of war, b
the judge, and the prophet, and the prudent, and the ancient,
(b) The temporal governor and the minister.
3:3 The captain of fifty, and the honourable man,
and the counsellor, and the skilful craftsman, and the c
(c) By these he means that God would take away
everything that was of any value, and which they had any opportunity to want
3:4 And I will give d
children [to be] their princes, and babes shall rule over them.
(d) Not only in age: but in manners, knowledge
3:5 And the people shall be e
oppressed, every one by another, and every one by his neighbour: the child shall
behave himself proudly against the elder, and the base against the honourable.
(e) For lack of good regiment and order.
3:6 When a man shall f
take hold of his brother of the house of his father, [saying], Thou hast
clothing, be thou our ruler, and [let] this ruin [be] under thy hand:
(f) He shows that this plague will be so horrible
that contrary to the common manner of men, who by nature are ambitious, no one
will be found able or willing to be their governor.
3:7 In that day shall he g
swear, saying, I will not be an healer; for in my house [is] neither bread nor
clothing: make me not a ruler of the people.
(g) Fear will cause him to forswear himself,
rather than to take such a dangerous charge upon himself.
3:9 The h
show of their countenance doth witness against them; and they declare their sin
as Sodom, they hide [it] not. Woe to their soul! for they have rewarded evil to
(h) When God examines their deed on which they
now set an impudent face, he will find the mark of their impiety in their
3:10 i Say
ye to the righteous, that [it shall be] well [with him]: for they shall eat the
fruit of their doings.
(i) You that are godly be assured that God will
defend you in the midst of these troubles.
3:12 [As for] my people, k
children [are] their oppressors, and women rule over them. O my people, they who
lead thee cause [thee] to err, and destroy the way of thy paths.
(k) Because the wicked people were more addicted
to their princes than to the commandments of God, he shows that he would give
them such princes, by whom they would have no help, but that they would be
manifest tokens of his wrath, because they would be fools and effeminate.
3:14 The LORD will enter into
judgment with the l elders of his
people, and with their princes: for ye have eaten up the vineyard; the spoil of
the poor [is] in your houses.
(l) Meaning that the rulers and governors had
destroyed his Church and not preserved it, according to their duty.
3:15 What mean ye [that] ye beat my people to
pieces, m and grind the faces of the
poor? saith the Lord GOD of hosts.
(m) That is, you show all cruelty against them.
3:16 Moreover the LORD saith, n
Because the daughters of Zion are haughty, and walk with o
extended necks and p wanton eyes,
walking and q mincing [as] they go, and
making a r tinkling with their feet:
(n) He means the people because of the arrogancy
and pride of their women who gave themselves to all wantonness and
(o) Which declared their pride.
(p) As a sign that they were not chaste.
(q) Which showed their wantonness.
(r) They delighted then in slippers that creaked
or had little plates sewn on them which tinkled as they went.
The mirrors, and the fine linen, and the turbans, and the s
(s) In rehearsing all these things particularly
he shows the lightness and vanity of such as cannot be content with comely
apparel according to their degree.
3:25 Thy men shall fall by
the t sword, and thy mighty in the war.
(t) Meaning that God will not only punish the
women but their husbands who have permitted this dissoluteness and also the
commonwealth which has not remedied it.