23:1 The a burden of Tyre. Howl, ye ships of b Tarshish; for c it is laid waste, so that there is no house, no entering in: from the land of d Chittim it is e revealed to them.
(a) See Geneva
(b) You of Cilicia that come here for
(c) Tyrus is destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar.
(d) By Chittim they meant all the isles and
countries west of Palestine.
(e) All men know of this destruction.
23:2 Be still, ye inhabitants of the isle; thou
whom the merchants of Zidon, that pass over the sea, have f
(f) Have hunted and enriched you.
23:3 And by great waters the g
seed of Sihor, the harvest of the river, [is] her revenue; and she is a
merchandise of nations.
(g) Meaning, the corn of Egypt which was fed by
the overflowing of the Nile.
23:4 Be thou ashamed, O Zidon: for the h
sea hath spoken, [even] the strength of the sea, saying, I i
travail not, nor bring forth children, neither do I nourish young men, [nor]
bring up virgins.
(h) That is, Tyrus, which was the chief part of
(i) I have no people left in me, and am as a
barren woman, that never had children.
23:5 As at the report concerning Egypt, [so] shall
they be k greatly pained at the report
(k) Because these two countries were joined in
23:6 Pass ye over to l
Tarshish; wail, ye inhabitants of the isle.
(l) Tyrus wills other merchants to go to Cilicia,
and to come no more there.
23:8 Who hath taken this
counsel against Tyre, the m crowning
[city], whose merchants [are] princes, whose traders [are] the honourable of the
(m) Who makes her merchants like princes.
23:10 Pass through thy land
as a river, O n daughter of Tarshish:
[there is] no more strength.
(n) Your strength will no more serve you:
therefore flee to other countries for comfort.
23:12 And he said, Thou
shalt no more rejoice, O thou oppressed o
virgin, p daughter of Zidon: arise, pass
over to Chittim; there also shalt thou have no rest.
(o) For Tyre was never touched nor afflicted
(p) Because Tyrus was built by them of Zidon.
23:13 Behold the land of the Chaldeans; this
people was not, [till] the q Assyrian
founded it for them that dwell in the wilderness: they set up its towers, they
raised up its palaces; [and] he r
brought it to ruin.
(q) The Chaldeans who dwelt in tents in the
wilderness were gathered by the Assyrians into cities.
(r) The people of the Chaldeans destroyed the
Assyrians: by which the prophet means that seeing the Chaldaeans were able to
overcome the Assyrians who were so great a nation, much more will these two
nations of Chaldea and Assyria be able to overthrow Tyrus.
23:14 Howl, ye ships of Tarshish: for your s
strength is laid waste.
(s) That is, Tyrus by whom you are enriched.
23:15 And it shall come to pass in that day, that
Tyre shall be forgotten seventy years, according to the days of one king: after
the end of t seventy years shall Tyre u
sing as an harlot.
(t) Tyrus will lie destroyed seventy years which
he calls the reign of one king, or a man's age.
(u) Will use all craft and subtilty to entice men
again to her.
23:16 Take an harp, go about the city, thou harlot
that hast been forgotten; x make sweet
melody, sing many songs, that thou mayest be remembered.
(x) She will labour by all means to recover her
first credit, as a harlot when she is long forgotten, seeks by all means to
entertain her lovers.
23:17 And it shall come to pass after the end of
seventy years, that the LORD will visit Tyre, and she shall turn to her y
hire, and shall play the harlot with all the kingdoms of the world upon the face
of the earth.
(y) Though she has been chastised by the Lord,
yet she will return to her old wicked practises and for gain will give herself
to all men's lusts like a harlot.
23:18 And her merchandise and her hire shall be z
holiness to the LORD: it shall not be treasured nor laid up; for her merchandise
shall be for them that dwell before the LORD, for sufficient food and for
(z) He shows that God yet by the preaching of the
gospel will call Tyre to repentance and turn her heart from evil and filthy
gain, to the true worshipping of God, and liberality toward his saints.