22:1 The burden of the a valley of vision. What b aileth thee now, that thou hast wholly gone up to the housetops?
(a) Meaning, Judea, which was compassed about
with mountains, and was called the valley of visions, because of the prophets,
who were always there, whom they named Seers.
(b) He speaks to Jerusalem, whose inhabitants
fled up to the housetops for fear of their enemies.
22:2 Thou that art full of c
shoutings, a tumultuous city, a joyous city: thy slain [men are] not slain d
with the sword, nor dead in battle.
(c) Which was wont to be full of people and joy.
(d) But for hunger.
22:3 All thy rulers have fled together, they are e
bound by the archers: all that are found in thee are bound together, [who] have
fled from f far.
(e) And led into captivity.
(f) Who have fled from other places to Jerusalem
22:4 Therefore said I, Look away from me; I will
weep g bitterly, labour not to comfort
me, because of the plundering of the daughter of my people.
(g) He shows what is the duty of the godly, when
God's plagues hang over the Church, and especially of the ministers, (Jeremiah
22:5 For [it is] a day of trouble, and of treading
down, and of perplexity by the Lord GOD of hosts in the valley of vision,
breaking down the walls, and of h crying
to the mountains.
(h) That is, the shout of the enemies whom God
had appointed to destroy the city.
22:6 And Elam i
bore the quiver with chariots of men [and] horsemen, and Kir uncovered the
(i) He reminds them how God delivered them once
from Sennacherib, who brought the Persians and Syrians with him, that they
might by returning to God avoid that great plague which they would suffer by
22:8 And he uncovered the k
coverings of Judah, and thou didst look in that day to the armour of the house
of the forest.
(k) The secret place where the armour was: that
is, in the house of the forest, (1 Kings
22:9 Ye have seen also l
the breaches of the city of David, that they are many: and ye gathered together
the waters of the lower pool.
(l) You forfeited the ruinous places which were
neglected in times of peace: meaning, the whole City, and the City of David,
which was within the compass of the other.
22:10 And ye have numbered the houses m
of Jerusalem, and the houses have ye broken down to fortify the wall.
(m) Either to pull down such as might hurt, or
else to know what men they were able to make.
22:11 Ye made also a ditch between the two walls
for the n water of the old pool: but ye
have not looked to o its maker, neither
had respect to him that fashioned it long ago.
(n) To provide if need should be of water.
(o) To God who made Jerusalem: that is, they
trusted more in these worldly means than in God.
22:13 And behold joy and
gladness, slaying oxen, and killing sheep, eating flesh, and drinking wine: let
us p eat and drink; for to morrow we
(p) Instead of repentance you were joyful and
made great cheer, contemning the admonitions of the prophets saying Let us eat
and drink for our prophets say that we will die tomorrow.
22:15 Thus saith the Lord
GOD of hosts, Go, repair to this q
treasurer, [even] to Shebna, who [is] over the house, [and say],
(q) Because the Hebrew word also signifies one
who nourishes and cherishes, there are those of the scholars who think that
this wicked man nourished a secret friendship with the Assyrians and Egyptians
to betray the Church and to provide for himself against all dangers: in the
mean season he packed craftily, and got of the best offices into his hand
under Hezekiah, ever aspiring to the highest.
22:16 What hast thou here? and whom hast thou
here, that thou hast hewed thee out a sepulchre r
here, [as] he that heweth him out a sepulchre on high, [and] that cut out an
habitation s for himself in a rock?
(r) Meaning, that he was a stranger, and came up
(s) While he thought to make his name immortal by
his famous sepulchre, he died most miserably among the Assyrians.
22:18 With violence he will
surely turn and toss thee [like] a ball into a wide country: there shalt thou
die, and there the chariots of thy glory [shall be] the t
shame of thy lord's house.
(t) Signifying that whatever dignity the wicked
attain to, at length it will turn to the shame of those princes by whom they
22:20 And it shall come to
pass in that day, that I will u call my
servant Eliakim the son of Hilkiah:
(u) To be steward again, out of which office he
had been put, by the craft of Shebna.
22:22 And the x
key of the house of David will I lay upon his shoulder; so he shall open, and
none shall shut; and he shall shut, and none shall open.
(x) I will commit to him the full charge and
government of the king's house.
22:23 And I will fasten him [as] a y
nail in a sure place; and he shall be for a glorious throne to his father's
(y) I will establish him, and confirm him in his
office, of this phrase read (Ezra
22:24 And they shall hang upon him all the glory
of his father's house, the offspring and the issue, z
all vessels of small quantity, from the vessels of cups, even to all the vessels
(z) Meaning that both small and great who will
come from Eliakim, will have praise and glory by his faithful officer.
22:25 In that day, saith the LORD of hosts, shall
the a nail that is fastened in the sure
place be removed, and be cut down, and fall; and the burden that [was] upon it
shall be cut off: for the LORD hath spoken [it].
(a) He means Shebna, who in man's judgment
should never have fallen.