21:1 The burden of the a desert of the sea. As whirlwinds in the south pass through; [so] it cometh from the desert, b from a terrible land.
(a) On the seaside between Judea and Caldea was a
wilderness, by which he means Caldea.
(b) That is, the ruin of Babylon by the Medes and
21:2 A grievous vision is declared to me; the c
treacherous dealer dealeth treacherously, and the spoiler spoileth. Go up, O d
Elam: besiege, O Media; all her sighing have I made e
(c) The Assyrians and Chaldeans who had destroyed
other nations will be overcome by the Medes and Persians: and this he
prophesied a hundred years before it came to pass.
(d) By Elam he means the Persians.
(e) Because they will find no comfort, they will
mourn no more, or I have caused them to cease mourning, whom Babylon had
21:3 Therefore are my f
loins filled with pain: pangs have taken hold upon me, as the pangs of a woman
that travaileth: I was bowed down at the hearing [of it]; I was dismayed at the
seeing [of it].
(f) This the prophet speaks in the person of the
21:4 My heart panted, fearfulness terrified me: the
night g of my pleasure hath he turned
into fear to me.
(g) He prophecies the death of Belshazzar as in (Daniel
5:30) who in the midst of his pleasures was destroyed.
21:5 Prepare the table, watch in the watchtower,
eat, drink: h arise, ye princes, [and]
anoint the shield.
(h) While they are eating and drinking, they will
be commanded to run to their weapons.
21:6 For thus hath the i
Lord said to me, Go, set a watchman, let him declare what he seeth.
(i) That is, in a vision by the spirit of
21:7 And he saw a chariot [with] a couple of
horsemen, a chariot of donkeys, [and] k
a chariot of camels; and he hearkened diligently with much heed:
(k) Meaning, chariots of men of war, and others
that carried the baggage.
21:8 And he cried, A l
lion: My lord, I stand continually upon the watchtower in the daytime, and I am
set in my post whole nights:
(l) Meaning, Darius who overcame Babylon.
21:9 And, behold, here cometh a chariot of men,
[with] a couple of horsemen. And m he
answered and said, Babylon is fallen, is fallen; and all the graven images of
her gods he hath broken to the ground.
(m) The watchman whom Isaiah set up, told him who
came toward Babylon, and the angel declared that it would be destroyed: all
this was done in a vision.
21:10 O n
my threshing, and the grain of my floor: that which I have heard from the LORD
of hosts, the God of Israel, have I declared to you.
(n) Meaning, Babylon.
21:11 The burden of o
Dumah. He calleth to me out of p Seir,
Watchman, what of the night? Watchman, what of the night?
(o) Which was a city of the Ishmaelites and was
so named by Dumah, (Genesis
(p) A mountain of the Idumeans.
21:12 The watchman said, The q
morning cometh, and also the night: if ye will enquire, enquire ye: return,
(q) He describes the unquietness of the people of
Dumah, who were night and day in fear of their enemies, and ever ran to and
fro to enquire news.
21:13 The burden upon Arabia. In r
the forest in Arabia shall ye lodge, O ye travelling companies of Dedanim.
(r) For fear, the Arabians will flee into the
woods and he appoints the way they will take.
21:14 The inhabitants of the land of Tema brought s
water to him that was thirsty, they met with their bread him that fled.
(s) Signifying that for fear they will not tarry
to eat or drink.
21:16 For thus hath the
Lord said to me, Within a year, t
according to the years of an u hireling,
and all the glory of Kedar shall fail:
(t) He appoints them respite for one year only,
and then they would be destroyed.
(u) Read (Isaiah
21:17 And the remainder of the number of archers,
the mighty men of the children of x
Kedar, shall be diminished: for the LORD God of Israel hath spoken [it].
(x) Which was the name of a people of Arabia: and
by the horrible destruction of all these nations, he teaches the Jews that
there is no place for refuge or to escape God's wrath, but only to remain in
his Church, and to live in his fear.