2:2 And it a shall come to pass in the last days, [that] the mount of the LORD'S house b shall be established on the top of the mountains, and shall be exalted above the hills; and all nations shall c flow to it.
(a) The decree and ordinance of God, concerning
the restoration of the Church, which is chiefly meant by the time of Christ.
(b) In an evident place to be seen and discerned.
(c) When the kingdom of Christ will be enlarged
by the preaching of the doctrine. Here also is declared the zeal of the
children of God when they are called.
2:3 And many people shall go and say, Come ye, and
let us go up to d the mountain of the
LORD, to the house of the God of Jacob; and he will teach us of his ways, and we
will walk in his paths: for out of Zion shall go forth the e
law, and the word of the LORD from f
(d) Alluding to mount Zion, where the visible
Church then was.
(e) Meaning, the whole doctrine of salvation.
(f) This was accomplished when the gospel was
first preached in Jerusalem, and from there went through all the world.
2:4 And g he
shall judge among the nations, and shall h
rebuke many people: and they shall i
beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruninghooks: nation
shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn k
war any more.
(g) The Lord, who is Christ, will have all power
given to him.
(h) That they may acknowledge their sins, and
turn to him.
(i) He shows the fruit of the peace which the
gospel should bring, that is, that men should do good to one another, while
before they were enemies.
(k) He speaks not against the use of weapons and
lawful war, but shows how the hearts of the godly will be affected one toward
another, which peace and love begin and grow in this life, but will be
perfected when we are joined with our head Jesus Christ.
2:5 O house of Jacob, come ye, and let us l
walk in the light of the LORD.
(l) Seeing the Gentiles will be ready, make
haste, and show them the way to worship God.
2:6 Therefore thou m
hast forsaken thy people the house of Jacob, because they are n
filled [with customs] from the east, and [are] soothsayers like the Philistines,
o and they please themselves in the
children of foreigners.
(m) The prophet seeing the small hope that the
Jews would convert, complains to God as though he had utterly forsaken them
for their sins.
(n) Full of the corruptions that reigned chiefly
in the east parts.
(o) They altogether gave themselves to the
fashions of other nations.
2:7 Their land also is full of p
silver and gold, neither [is there any] end of their treasures; their land is
also full of horses, neither [is there any] end of their chariots:
(p) The prophet first condemned their
superstition and idolatry next their covetousness and thirdly their vain trust
in worldly means.
2:9 And the mean man boweth
down, and the great man q humbleth
himself: therefore r forgive them not.
(q) He notes the nature of the idolaters who are
never satisfied in their superstitions.
(r) Thus the prophet spoke being inflamed with
the zeal of God's glory, and that he might fear them with God's judgment.
2:11 The lofty looks of man
shall be humbled, and the haughtiness of men shall be abased, and the LORD alone
shall be exalted in s that day.
(s) Meaning, as soon as God will begin to execute
And upon all the high t mountains, and
upon all the hills [that are] lifted up,
(t) By high trees and mountains are he means the
proud and lofty, who think themselves most strong in this world.
2:16 And upon u
all the ships of Tarshish, and upon all pleasant pictures.
(u) He condemns their vain confidence which they
had in strongholds and in their rich merchandise which brought in vain
pleasures with which men's minds became effeminate.
In that day a man shall cast his idols of silver, and his idols of gold, which
they made [each one] for himself to worship, x
to the moles and to the bats;
(x) They will cast them into vile and filthy
places when they perceive that they are not able to help them.
2:22 Cease ye from man, whose
y breath [is] in his nostrils: for why
is he to be esteemed?
(y) Cast off your vain confidence in man, whose
life is so frail that if his nose is stopped he is dead and consider that you
are dealing with God.