11:1 And there shall come forth a a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall grow out of his roots:
(a) Because the captivity of Babylon was a figure
of the spiritual captivity under sin, he shows that our true deliverance must
come by Christ: for as David came out of Jesse, a man without dignity, so
Christ would come of a poor carpenter's house as out of a dead stock, (Isaiah
But with righteousness shall he judge the poor, and reprove with equity for the
meek of the earth: and he shall b smite
the earth with the rod of his mouth, and with the breath of his lips shall he
slay the wicked.
(b) All these properties can agree to no one, but
only to Christ: for it is he who touches the hearts of the faithful and
mortifies their concupiscence: and to the wicked he is the favour of death and
to them who will perish, so that all the world will be smitten with his rod,
which is his word.
11:6 The c
wolf also shall dwell with the lamb, and the leopard shall lie down with the
kid; and the calf and the young lion and the fatling together; and a little
child shall lead them.
(c) Men because of their wicked affections are
named by the names of beasts, in which the same affections reign: but Christ
by his Spirit will reform them, and work in them such mutual charity, that
they will be like lambs, favouring and loving one another and cast off all
their cruel affections, (Isaiah
They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain: for the earth shall be
full of the knowledge of the LORD, as d
the waters cover the sea.
(d) It will be in as great abundance as the
waters in the sea.
11:10 And in that day there shall be a root of
Jesse, which shall stand for an ensign of the e
people; to it shall the Gentiles seek: and his f
rest shall be glorious.
(e) He prophecies of the calling of the Gentiles.
(f) That is, the Church which he also calls his
11:11 And it shall come to pass in that day,
[that] the Lord shall set his hand g
again the second time to recover the remnant of his people, which shall be left,
from Assyria, and from Egypt, and from Pathros, and from Cush, and from Elam,
and from Shinar, and from Hamath, and from the isles of the sea.
(g) For God first delivered his people out of
Egypt and now promises to deliver them out of their enemies hands as from the
Parthians, Persians, Chaldeans and them of Antioch among whom they were
dispersed and this is chiefly meant of Christ, who calls his people being
dispersed through all the world.
11:13 The envy also of
Ephraim shall depart, and the adversaries of h
Judah shall be cut off: Ephraim shall not envy Judah, and Judah shall not
(h) Here he describes the consent that will be in
his Church and their victory against their enemies.
11:15 And the LORD shall
utterly destroy the i tongue of the
Egyptian sea; and with his mighty wind shall he shake his hand k
over the river, and shall smite it in the seven streams, and make [men] go over
(i) Meaning a corner of the sea that enters into
the land and has the form of a tongue.
(k) That is, Nile, the great river of Egypt which
enters into the sea with seven streams.